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Biology LibreTexts

5: The Eukaryotes of Microbiology

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    • 5.1: Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells
      Eukaryotic cells are defined by the presence of a nucleus containing the DNA genome and bound by a nuclear membrane (or nuclear envelope) composed of two lipid bilayers that regulate transport of materials into and out of the nucleus through nuclear pores. Eukaryotic cell morphologies vary greatly and may be maintained by various structures, including the cytoskeleton, the cell membrane, and/or the cell wall The nucleolus in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells is the site of ribosomal synthesis.
    • 5.2: Classifying Eukaryotic Microbes and Examples
      Protists are a diverse, polyphyletic group of eukaryotic organisms. Protists may be unicellular or multicellular. They vary in how they get their nutrition, morphology, method of locomotion, and mode of reproduction. Important structures of protists include contractile vacuoles, cilia, flagella, pellicles, and pseudopodia; some lack organelles such as mitochondria.  Taxonomy of protists is changing rapidly as relationships are reassessed using newer techniques.

    Thumbnail: Mold growing on a clementine. (CC SA-BY 3.0; NotFromUtrecht).

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