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14.15: Practice Test- The Muscular System

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    Review the material from this module by completing the practice test below:


    1. Which of the following is unique to the muscles of facial expression?
    1. They all originate from the scalp musculature.
    2. They insert onto the cartilage found around the face.
    3. They only insert onto the facial bones.
    4. They insert into the skin.

    2. Which of the following helps an agonist work?
    1. a synergist
    2. a fixator
    3. an insertion
    4. an antagonist

    3. Which of the following statements is correct about what happens during flexion?
    1. The angle between bones is increased.
    2. The angle between bones is decreased.
    3. The bone moves away from the body.
    4. The bone moves toward the center of the body.

    4. Which is moved the least during muscle contraction?
    1. the origin
    2. the insertion
    3. the ligaments
    4. the joints

    5. Which muscle has a convergent pattern of fascicles?
    1. biceps brachii
    2. gluteus maximus
    3. pectoralis major
    4. rectus femoris

    6. A muscle that has a pattern of fascicles running along the long axis of the muscle has which of the following fascicle arrangements?
    1. circular
    2. pennate
    3. parallel
    4. rectus

    7. Which arrangement best describes a bipennate muscle?
    1. The muscle fibers feed in on an angle to a long tendon from both sides.
    2. The muscle fibers feed in on an angle to a long tendon from all directions.
    3. The muscle fibers feed in on an angle to a long tendon from one side.
    4. The muscle fibers on one side of a tendon feed into it at a certain angle and muscle fibers on the other side of the tendon feed into it at the opposite angle.

    8. The location of a muscle’s insertion and origin can determine ________.
    1. action
    2. the force of contraction
    3. muscle name
    4. the load a muscle can carry

    9.Where is the temporalis muscle located?
    1. on the forehead
    2. in the neck
    3. on the side of the head
    4. on the chin

    10. Which muscle name does not make sense?
    1. extensor digitorum
    2. gluteus minimus
    3. biceps femoris
    4. extensor minimus longus

    11. Which of the following terms would be used in the name of a muscle that moves the leg away from the body?
    1. flexor
    2. adductor
    3. extensor
    4. abductor

    12. Which of the following is a prime mover in head flexion?
    1. occipitofrontalis
    2. corrugator supercilii
    3. sternocleidomastoid
    4. masseter

    13. Where is the inferior oblique muscle located?
    1. in the abdomen
    2. in the eye socket
    3. in the anterior neck
    4. in the face

    14. What is the action of the masseter?
    1. swallowing
    2. chewing
    3. moving the lips
    4. closing the eye

    15. The names of the extrinsic tongue muscles commonly end in ________.
    1. -glottis
    2. -glossus
    3. -gluteus
    4. -hyoid

    16. What is the function of the erector spinae?
    1. movement of the arms
    2. stabilization of the pelvic girdle
    3. postural support
    4. rotating of the vertebral column

    17. Which of the following abdominal muscles is not a part of the anterior abdominal wall?
    1. quadratus lumborum
    2. rectus abdominis
    3. interior oblique
    4. exterior oblique

    18. Which muscle pair plays a role in respiration?
    1. intertransversarii, interspinales
    2. semispinalis cervicis, semispinalis thoracis
    3. trapezius, rhomboids
    4. diaphragm, scalene

    19. What is the linea alba?
    1. a small muscle that helps with compression of the abdominal organs
    2. a long tendon that runs down the middle of the rectus abdominis
    3. a long band of collagen fibers that connects the hip to the knee
    4. another name for the tendinous inscription

    20. The rhomboid major and minor muscles are deep to the ________.
    1. rectus abdominis
    2. scalene muscles
    3. trapezius
    4. ligamentum nuchae

    21. Which muscle extends the forearm?
    1. biceps brachii
    2. triceps brachii
    3. brachialis
    4. deltoid

    22. What is the origin of the wrist flexors?
    1. the lateral epicondyle of the humerus
    2. the medial epicondyle of the humerus
    3. the carpal bones of the wrist
    4. the deltoid tuberosity of the humerus

    23. Which muscles stabilize the pectoral girdle?
    1. axial and scapular
    2. axial
    3. appendicular
    4. axial and appendicular

    24. The large muscle group that attaches the leg to the pelvic girdle and produces extension of the hip joint is the ________ group.
    1. gluteal
    2. obturator
    3. adductor
    4. abductor

    25. Which muscle produces movement that allows you to cross your legs?
    1. the gluteus maximus
    2. the piriformis
    3. the gracilis
    4. the sartorius

    26. What is the largest muscle in the lower leg?
    1. soleus
    2. gastrocnemius
    3. tibialis anterior
    4. tibialis posterior

    27. The vastus intermedius muscle is deep to which of the following muscles?
    1. biceps femoris
    2. rectus femoris
    3. vastus medialis
    4. vastus lateralis


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