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Biology LibreTexts

17: Mutualism

  • Page ID
    25533
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    • 17.1: Chapter Introduction
    • 17.2: Phase Diagrams
    • 17.3: Quasi-species
      A new phenomenon arises in equations for unrestrained mutualism, one not possible for competition or predation. It can be shown that unrestrained mutualists are pulled into fixed ratios which are based on how their interaction terms differ from their self-limiting terms. As populations grow and move toward these fixed ratios, the two equations governing the individual species collapse, in effect, into an equation of a single-species.
    • 17.4: Our own species


    17: Mutualism is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Clarence Lehman, Shelby Loberg, & Adam Clark (University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing) via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.