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15.11: Practice Test- Anatomy of the Nervous System

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    34527
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    Review the material from this module by completing the practice test below:

     

    1. Aside from the nervous system, which other organ system develops out of the ectoderm?
    1. digestive
    2. respiratory
    3. integumentary
    4. urinary

     
     
    2. Which primary vesicle of the embryonic nervous system does not differentiate into more vesicles at the secondary stage?
    1. prosencephalon
    2. mesencephalon
    3. diencephalon
    4. rhombencephalon

     
     
    3. Which adult structure(s) arises from the diencephalon?
    1. thalamus, hypothalamus, retina
    2. midbrain, pons, medulla
    3. pons and cerebellum
    4. cerebrum

     
     
    4. Which non-nervous tissue develops from the neuroectoderm?
    1. respiratory mucosa
    2. vertebral bone
    3. digestive lining
    4. craniofacial bone

     
     
    5. Which structure is associated with the embryologic development of the peripheral nervous system?
    1. neural crest
    2. neuraxis
    3. rhombencephalon
    4. neural tube

     
     
    6. Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is responsible for generating motor commands?
    1. temporal
    2. parietal
    3. occipital
    4. frontal

     
     
    7. What region of the diencephalon coordinates homeostasis?
    1. thalamus
    2. epithalamus
    3. hypothalamus
    4. subthalamus

     
     
    8. What level of the brain stem is the major input to the cerebellum?
    1. midbrain
    2. pons
    3. medulla
    4. spinal cord

     
     
    9. What region of the spinal cord contains motor neurons that direct the movement of skeletal muscles?
    1. anterior horn
    2. posterior horn
    3. lateral horn
    4. alar plate

     
     
    10. Brodmann’s areas map different regions of the ________ to particular functions.
    1. cerebellum
    2. cerebral cortex
    3. basal forebrain
    4. corpus callosum

     
     
    11. What blood vessel enters the cranium to supply the brain with fresh, oxygenated blood?
    1. common carotid artery
    2. jugular vein
    3. internal carotid artery
    4. aorta

     
     
    12. Which layer of the meninges surrounds and supports the sinuses that form the route through which blood drains from the CNS?
    1. dura mater
    2. arachnoid mater
    3. subarachnoid
    4. pia mater

     
     
    13. What type of glial cell is responsible for filtering blood to produce CSF at the choroid plexus?
    1. ependymal cell
    2. astrocyte
    3. oligodendrocyte
    4. Schwann cell

     
     
    14. Which portion of the ventricular system is found within the diencephalon?
    1. lateral ventricles
    2. third ventricle
    3. cerebral aqueduct
    4. fourth ventricle

     
     
    15. What condition causes a stroke?
    1. inflammation of meninges
    2. lumbar puncture
    3. infection of cerebral spinal fluid
    4. disruption of blood to the brain

     
     
    16. What type of ganglion contains neurons that control homeostatic mechanisms of the body?
    1. sensory ganglion
    2. dorsal root ganglion
    3. autonomic ganglion
    4. cranial nerve ganglion

     
     
    17. Which ganglion is responsible for cutaneous sensations of the face?
    1. otic ganglion
    2. vestibular ganglion
    3. geniculate ganglion
    4. trigeminal ganglion

     
     
    18. What is the name for a bundle of axons within a nerve?
    1. fascicle
    2. tract
    3. nerve root
    4. epineurium

     
     
    19. Which cranial nerve does not control functions in the head and neck?
    1. olfactory
    2. trochlear
    3. glossopharyngeal
    4. vagus

     
     
    20. Which of these structures is not under direct control of the peripheral nervous system?
    1. trigeminal ganglion
    2. gastric plexus
    3. sympathetic chain ganglia
    4. cervical plexus

     

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