Skip to main content
Biology LibreTexts

22: Gymnosperms

  • Page ID
  • Learning Objectives

    Content Objectives

    • Understand the changing conditions on Earth during the period in which gymnosperms evolved and how those conditions selected for features found in this group.
    • Learn the characteristics that distinguish gymnosperms from SVPs
    • Connect what you have learned about secondary growth and xerophytic leaf anatomy to gymnosperm structure
    • Learn the life cycle of pines

    Skill Objectives

    • Correlate features of gymnosperm morphology and life history traits with adaptation to the changing environment
    • Identify structures involved in the gymnosperm life cycle and describe their functions
    • Distinguish between different groups of gymnosperms
    • Distinguish between gymnosperms and SVPs, particularly ferns and cycads

    Contributors and Attributions

    • Was this article helpful?