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13.13: Practice Test- Muscle Tissue

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    34498
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    Review the material from this module by completing the practice test below:

     

    1. Muscle that has a striped appearance is described as being ________.
    1. elastic
    2. nonstriated
    3. excitable
    4. striated

     
     
    2. Which element is important in directly triggering contraction?
    1. sodium (Na+)
    2. calcium (Ca++)
    3. potassium (K+)
    4. chloride (Cl-)

     
     
    3. Which of the following properties is not common to all three muscle tissues?
    1. excitability
    2. the need for ATP
    3. at rest, uses shielding proteins to cover actin-binding sites
    4. elasticity

     
     
    4. The correct order for the smallest to the largest unit of organization in muscle tissue is ________.
    1. fascicle, filament, muscle fiber, myofibril
    2. filament, myofibril, muscle fiber, fascicle
    3. muscle fiber, fascicle, filament, myofibril
    4. myofibril, muscle fiber, filament, fascicle

     
     
    5. Depolarization of the sarcolemma means ________.
    1. the inside of the membrane has become less negative as sodium ions accumulate
    2. the outside of the membrane has become less negative as sodium ions accumulate
    3. the inside of the membrane has become more negative as sodium ions accumulate
    4. the sarcolemma has completely lost any electrical charge

     
     
    6. In relaxed muscle, the myosin-binding site on actin is blocked by ________.
    1. titin
    2. troponin
    3. myoglobin
    4. tropomyosin

     
     
    7. According to the sliding filament model, binding sites on actin open when ________.
    1. creatine phosphate levels rise
    2. ATP levels rise
    3. acetylcholine levels rise
    4. calcium ion levels rise

     
     
    8. The cell membrane of a muscle fiber is called ________.
    1. myofibril
    2. sarcolemma
    3. sarcoplasm
    4. myofilament

     
     
    9. Muscle relaxation occurs when ________.
    1. calcium ions are actively transported out of the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    2. calcium ions diffuse out of the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    3. calcium ions are actively transported into the sarcoplasmic reticulum
    4. calcium ions diffuse into the sarcoplasmic reticulum

     
     
    10. During muscle contraction, the cross-bridge detaches when ________.
    1. the myosin head binds to an ADP molecule
    2. the myosin head binds to an ATP molecule
    3. calcium ions bind to troponin
    4. calcium ions bind to actin

     
     
    11. Thin and thick filaments are organized into functional units called ________.
    1. myofibrils
    2. myofilaments
    3. T-tubules
    4. sarcomeres

     
     
    12. During which phase of a twitch in a muscle fiber is tension the greatest?
    1. resting phase
    2. repolarization phase
    3. contraction phase
    4. relaxation phase

     
     
    13. Muscle fatigue is caused by ________.
    1. buildup of ATP and lactic acid levels
    2. exhaustion of energy reserves and buildup of lactic acid levels
    3. buildup of ATP and pyruvic acid levels
    4. exhaustion of energy reserves and buildup of pyruvic acid levels

     
     
    14. A sprinter would experience muscle fatigue sooner than a marathon runner due to ________.
    1. anaerobic metabolism in the muscles of the sprinter
    2. anaerobic metabolism in the muscles of the marathon runner
    3. aerobic metabolism in the muscles of the sprinter
    4. glycolysis in the muscles of the marathon runner

     
     
    15. What aspect of creatine phosphate allows it to supply energy to muscles?
    1. ATPase activity
    2. phosphate bonds
    3. carbon bonds
    4. hydrogen bonds

     
     
    16. Drug X blocks ATP regeneration from ADP and phosphate. How will muscle cells respond to this drug?
    1. by absorbing ATP from the bloodstream
    2. by using ADP as an energy source
    3. by using glycogen as an energy source
    4. none of the above

     
     
    17. The muscles of a professional sprinter are most likely to have ________.
    1. 80 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 20 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    2. 20 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 80 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    3. 50 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 50 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    4. 40 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 60 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers

     
     
    18. The muscles of a professional marathon runner are most likely to have ________.
    1. 80 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 20 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    2. 20 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 80 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    3. 50 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 50 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers
    4. 40 percent fast-twitch muscle fibers and 60 percent slow-twitch muscle fibers

     
     
    19. Which of the following statements is true?
    1. Fast fibers have a small diameter.
    2. Fast fibers contain loosely packed myofibrils.
    3. Fast fibers have large glycogen reserves.
    4. Fast fibers have many mitochondria.

     
     
    20. Which of the following statements is false?
    1. Slow fibers have a small network of capillaries.
    2. Slow fibers contain the pigment myoglobin.
    3. Slow fibers contain a large number of mitochondria.
    4. Slow fibers contract for extended periods.

     
     
    21. Cardiac muscles differ from skeletal muscles in that they ________.
    1. are striated
    2. utilize aerobic metabolism
    3. contain myofibrils
    4. contain intercalated discs

     
     
    22. If cardiac muscle cells were prevented from undergoing aerobic metabolism, they ultimately would ________.
    1. undergo glycolysis
    2. synthesize ATP
    3. stop contracting
    4. start contracting

     
     
    23. Smooth muscles differ from skeletal and cardiac muscles in that they ________.
    1. lack myofibrils
    2. are under voluntary control
    3. lack myosin
    4. lack actin

     
     
    24. Which of the following statements describes smooth muscle cells?
    1. They are resistant to fatigue.
    2. They have a rapid onset of contractions.
    3. They cannot exhibit tetanus.
    4. They primarily use anaerobic metabolism.

     
     
    25. From which embryonic cell type does muscle tissue develop?
    1. ganglion cells
    2. myotube cells
    3. myoblast cells
    4. satellite cells

     
     
    26. Which cell type helps to repair injured muscle fibers?
    1. ganglion cells
    2. myotube cells
    3. myoblast cells
    4. satellite cells

     

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