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1.2: Course Contents at a Glance

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    The following list shows the chapter-level topics and assignments for the course. To see all of the course pages, visit the Table of Contents.

    Module 1: The Endocrine System

    • Introduction to the Endocrine System
    • An Overview of the Endocrine System
    • Hormones
    • The Pituitary Gland and Hypothalamus
    • The Thyroid Gland
    • The Parathyroid Glands
    • The Adrenal Glands
    • The Pineal Gland
    • Gonadal and Placental Hormones
    • The Endocrine Pancreas
    • Organs with Secondary Endocrine Functions
    • Development and Aging of the Endocrine System

    Module 2: The Cardiovascular System: Blood

    • Introduction to the Cardiovascular System: Blood
    • An Overview of Blood
    • Production of the Formed Elements
    • Erythrocytes
    • Leukocytes and Platelets
    • Hemostasis
    • Blood Typing

    Module 3: The Cardiovascular System: The Heart

    • Introduction to the Cardiovascular System: The Heart
    • Heart Anatomy
    • Cardiac Muscle and Electrical Activity
    • Cardiac Cycle
    • Cardiac Physiology
    • Development of the Heart

    Module 4: The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation

    • Introduction to the Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Circulation
    • Structure and Function of Blood Vessels
    • Blood Flow, Blood Pressure, and Resistance
    • Capillary Exchange
    • Homeostatic Regulation of the Vascular System
    • Circulatory Pathways
    • Development of Blood Vessels and Fetal Circulation

    Module 5: The Lymphatic and Immune System

    • Introduction to the Lymphatic and Immune System
    • Anatomy of the Lymphatic and Immune Systems
    • Barrier Defenses and the Innate Immune Response
    • The Adaptive Immune Response: T lymphocytes and Their Functional Types
    • The Adaptive Immune Response: B-lymphocytes and Antibodies
    • The Immune Response against Pathogens
    • Diseases Associated with Depressed or Overactive Immune Responses
    • Transplantation and Cancer Immunology

    Module 6: The Respiratory System

    • Introduction to the Respiratory System
    • Organs and Structures of the Respiratory System
    • The Lungs
    • The Process of Breathing
    • Gas Exchange
    • Transport of Gases
    • Modifications in Respiratory Functions
    • Embryonic Development of the Respiratory System

    Module 7: The Digestive System

    • Introduction to the Digestive System
    • Overview of the Digestive System
    • Digestive System Processes and Regulation
    • The Mouth, Pharynx, and Esophagus
    • The Stomach
    • The Small and Large Intestines
    • Accessory Organs in Digestion: The Liver, Pancreas, and Gallbladder
    • Chemical Digestion and Absorption: A Closer Look

    Module 8: Metabolism and Nutrition

    • Introduction to Metabolism and Nutrition
    • Overview of Metabolic Reactions
    • Carbohydrate Metabolism
    • Lipid Metabolism
    • Protein Metabolism
    • Metabolic States of the Body
    • Energy and Heat Balance
    • Nutrition and Diet

    Module 9: The Urinary System

    • Introduction to the Urinary System
    • Physical Characteristics of Urine
    • Gross Anatomy of Urine Transport
    • Gross Anatomy of the Kidney
    • Microscopic Anatomy of the Kidney
    • Physiology of Urine Formation
    • Tubular Reabsorption
    • Regulation of Renal Blood Flow
    • Endocrine Regulation of Kidney Function
    • Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition
    • The Urinary System and Homeostasis

    Module 10: Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance

    • Introduction to Fluid, Electrolyte, and Acid-Base Balance
    • Body Fluids and Fluid Compartments
    • Water Balance
    • Electrolyte Balance
    • Acid-Base Balance
    • Disorders of Acid-Base Balance

    Module 11: The Reproductive System

    • Introduction to the Reproductive System
    • Development of the Male and Female Reproductive Systems
    • Anatomy and Physiology of the Male Reproductive System
    • Anatomy and Physiology of the Female Reproductive System

    Module 12: Development and Inheritance

    • Introduction to Development and Inheritance
    • Fertilization
    • Embryonic Development
    • Fetal Development
    • Maternal Changes During Pregnancy, Labor, and Birth
    • Adjustments of the Infant at Birth and Postnatal Stages
    • Lactation
    • Patterns of Inheritance

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