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Biology LibreTexts

11.0: ‘Omics Technologies

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  • The complete set of DNA within an organism is called its genome. Genomics is therefore the large-scale description, using techniques of molecular biology of many genes or even whole genomes at once. This type of research is facilitated by technologies that increase throughput (i.e. rate of analysis), and decrease cost. The –omics suffix has been used to indicate high-throughput analysis of many types of molecules, including transcripts (transcriptomics), proteins (proteomics), and the products of enzymatic reactions, or metabolites (metabolomics; Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\)). Interpretation of the large data sets generated by –omics research depends on a combination of computational, biological, and statistical knowledge provided by experts in bioinformatics. Attempts to combine information from different types of –‘omics studies is sometimes called systems biology.

    Figure \(\PageIndex{1}\): A word cloud listing some of the different –omics technologies. Terms that are more widely used are written in the largest characters. There is no significance to the color of each word. (Original-Deyholos-CC:AN)

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