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12.9: Bibliography

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    Abensperg-Traun, M. 2009. CITES, sustainable use of wild species and incentive-driven conservation in developing countries, with an emphasis on southern Africa. Biological Conservation 142: 948–63.

    Agnew, D.J., J. Pearce, G. Pramod, et al., 2009. Estimating the worldwide extent of illegal fishing. PLoS ONE 4: e4570.

    Alexander, J., C.T. Downs, M. Butler, et al. 2019. Stable isotope analyses as a forensic tool to monitor illegally traded African grey parrots. Animal Conservation 22: 134–43.

    Astaras, C., J.M. Linder, P. Wrege, et al. 2017. Passive acoustic monitoring as a law enforcement tool for Afrotropical rainforests. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 15: 233–34.

    Beyers, R.L., J.A. Hart, A.R.E. Sinclair, et al. 2011. Resource wars and conflict ivory: The impact of civil conflict on elephants in the Democratic Republic of Congo-the case of the Okapi Reserve. PloS ONE 6: e27129.

    Biamah, E.K., J. Kiio, and B. Kogo. 2013. Chapter 18–Environmental Impact assessment in Kenya. Developments in Earth Surface Processes 16: 237–64.

    Biggs, D., F. Courchamp, R. Martin, et al. 2013. Legal trade of Africa’s rhino horns. Science 339: 1038–39.

    Biggs, D., R. Cooney, D. Roe, et al. 2016. Developing a theory of change for a community-based response to illegal wildlife trade. Conservation Biology 31: 5–12.

    Boone, R.B., M.B. Coughenour, K.A. Galvin, et al. 2002. Addressing management questions for Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania, using the SAVANNA modelling system. African Journal of Ecology 40: 138–50.

    Carvalho, M., F. Rego, J.M. Palmeirim, et al. 2015. Wild meat consumption on São Tomé Island, West Africa: Implications for conservation and local livelihoods. Ecology and Society 20: 27.

    Catry, P., C. Barbosa, B. Indjai, et al. 2002. First census of the green turtle at Poilão, Bijagós Archipelago, Guinea-Bissau: The most important nesting colony on the Atlantic coast of Africa. Oryx 36: 400–03.

    CER (Centre for Environmental Rights). 2017. Victory in SA’s first climate change court case. CER News.

    Challender, D.W.S., and D.C. MacMillan. 2014. Poaching is more than an enforcement problem. Conservation Letters 7: 484–94.

    Chapron, G., Y. Epstein, A. Trouwborst, et al. 2017. Bolster legal boundaries to stay within planetary boundaries. Nature Ecology and Evolution 1: 0086.

    Christian, C., D. Ainley, M. Bailey, et al. 2013. A review of formal objections to Marine Stewardship Council fisheries certifications. Biological Conservation 161: 10–17.

    Christy, B., and B. Stirton. 2015. How killing elephants finances terror in Africa. National Geographic.

    CITES. 2016. A good week for wildlife — CITES meeting takes bold decisions in fight against illicit wildlife trafficking and on ensuring sustainability. CITES News.

    Dana, G.V., A.R. Kapuscinski, and J.S. Donaldson. 2012. Integrating diverse scientific and practitioner knowledge in ecological risk analysis: A case study of biodiversity risk assessment in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Management 98: 134–46.

    Etiendem, D., L. Hens, and Z. Pereboom. 2011. Traditional knowledge systems and the conservation of Cross River gorillas: A case study of Bechati, Fossimondi, Besali, Cameroon. Ecology and Society 16: 22.

    Gibbons, W.J., and K.M. Andrews. 2004. PIT tagging: Simple technology at its best. Bioscience 54: 447–54.[0447:PTSTAI]2.0.CO;2

    Gómez-Baggethun, E., E. Corbera, and V. Reyes-García. 2013. Traditional ecological knowledge and global environmental change: Research findings and policy implications. Ecology and Society 18: 72.

    Gremillet, D., C. Peron, P. Provost, et al. 2015. Adult and juvenile European seabirds at risk from marine plundering off West Africa. Biological Conservation 182: 143–47.

    Hanson, T, T.M. Brooks, G.A.B. da Fonseca, et al. 2009. Warfare in Biodiversity Hotspots. Conservation Biology 23: 578–87.

    Heinrich, S., T.A. Wittmann, T.A.A. Prowse, et al. 2016. Where did all the pangolins go? International CITES trade in pangolin species. Global Ecology and Conservation 8: 241–53.

    Hilborn, R., P. Arcese, M. Borner, et al. 2006. Effective enforcement in a conservation area. Science 314: 1266.

    Hofner, A.N., C.A. Jost Robinson, and K.A.I. Nekaris. 2018. Preserving Preuss’s red colobus (Piliocolobus preussi): An ethnographic analysis of hunting, conservation, and changing perceptions of primates in Ikenge-Bakoko, Cameroon. International Journal of Primatology 39: 895–917.

    IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

    Keeley, J., and I. Scoones. 2014. Understanding Environmental Policy Processes: Cases from Africa. New York: Earthscan).

    Mascia, M.B., and S. Pailler. 2011. Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement (PADDD) and its conservation implications. Conservation Letters 4: 9–20.

    Mauro, F., and P.D. Hardison. 2000. Traditional knowledge of indigenous and local communities: International debate and policy initiatives. Ecological Applications 10: 1263–69.[1263:TKOIAL]2.0.CO;2

    Mbata, K.J., E.N. Chidumayo, and C.M. Lwatula. 2002. Traditional regulation of edible caterpillar exploitation in the Kopa area of Mpika district in northern Zambia. Journal of Insect Conservation 6: 115–30.

    NAN (News Agency of Nigeria). 2015. Nigeria: Govt sanctions 26 mining company for non-compliance with environmental laws. All Africa Media.

    Nellemann, C., R. Henriksen, A. Kreilhuber, et al. 2016. The rise of environmental crime—A growing threat to natural resources, peace, development and security (Cambridge: UNEP).

    Nellemann, C., R. Henriksen, P. Raxter, et al. 2014. The environmental crime crisis—Threats to sustainable development from illegal exploitation and trade in wildlife and forest resources (Nairobi: UNEP; Arendal: GRID­Arendal).

    ODPP (Office of the Director of Public Prosecution). 2017. New act leads to reduction in wildlife crimes. ODPP News.

    Ogutu, J.O., H.-P. Piepho, M.Y. Said, et al. 2016. Extreme wildlife declines and concurrent increase in livestock numbers in Kenya: What are the causes? PLoS ONE 11: e0163249.

    Plumptre, A.J., R.A. Fuller, A. Rwetsiba, et al. 2014. Efficiently targeting resources to deter illegal activities in protected areas. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 714–25.

    Poole, C.M., and C.R. Shepherd. 2016. Shades of grey: The legal trade in CITES-listed birds in Singapore, notably the globally threatened African grey parrot Psittacus erithacus. Oryx 51: 411–17.

    Rademeyer, J. 2012. Killing for Profit: Exposing the Illegal Rhino Horn Trade (Johannesburg: Zebra Press).

    Retief, K., A.G. West, and M.F. Pfab. 2014. Can stable isotopes and radiocarbon dating provide a forensic solution for curbing illegal harvesting of threatened cycads? Journal of Forensic Sciences 59: 1541–51.

    Rogan, M.S., P.A. Lindsey, C.J. Tambling, et al. 2017. Illegal bushmeat hunters compete with predators and threaten wild herbivore populations in a global tourism hotspot. Biological Conservation 210: 233–42.

    RSF (Reporters Sans Frontiers) 2015. Hostile climate for environmental journalists (Paris: RSF).

    Sands, P., and J. Peel. 2012. Principles of International Environmental Law (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

    Schuster, R., E.A. Law, A.D. Rodewald, et al. 2017. Tax shifting and incentives for biodiversity conservation on private lands. Conservation Letters 11: e12377.

    SCIF (Safari Club International Foundation). 2015. The economic contributions of hunting-related tourism in Eastern and Southern Africa (Tuscon: SCIF).

    Sileshi, G., P. Nyeko, P. Nkunika, et al. 2009. Integrating ethno-ecological and scientific knowledge of termites for sustainable termite management and human welfare in Africa. Ecology and Society 14: 48.

    Stevens, C. 2017. South Africa gets first biodiversity tax incentive. Birdlife South Africa News.

    Steyn, P. 2015. Big illegal market for little critters. National Geographic.

    Tensen, L. 2016. Under what circumstances can wildlife farming benefit species conservation? Global Ecology and Conservation 6: 286–98.

    Terer, T., A. Muthama Muasya, F. Dahdouh-Guebas, et al. 2012. Integrating local ecological knowledge and management practices of an isolated semi-arid papyrus swamp (Loboi, Kenya) into a wider conservation framework. Journal of Environmental Management 93: 71–84.

    Tranquilli, S., M. AbediLartey, F. Amsini, et al. 2012. Lack of conservation effort rapidly increases African great ape extinction risk. Conservation Letters 5: 48–55.

    van Vliet, N., D. Cornelis, H. Beck, et al. 2016. Meat from the wild: Extractive uses of wildlife and alternatives for sustainability. Current Trends in Wildlife Research 1: 225–65.

    van Wilgen, B.W., B. Reyers, D.C. le Maitre, et al. 2008. A biome-scale assessment of the impact of invasive alien plants on ecosystem services in South Africa. Journal of Environmental Management 89: 336–49.

    Villet, M.H. 2011. African carrion ecosystems and their insect communities in relation to forensic entomology. Pest Technology 5: 1–15.

    Villet, M.H. 2015. History, accomplishments, and challenges of forensic entomology in Africa. In: Forensic Entomology: International Dimensions and Frontiers, ed. by J.K. Tomberlin and M.E. Benbow (Boca Raton: Taylor and Francis).

    Villet, M.H. 2017. Forensic significance. In: Manual of Afrotropical Diptera, ed. by A.H. Kirk-Spriggs and B. Muller (Pretoria: SANBI).

    Walters, G., J. Schleicher, O. Hymas, et al. 2015. Evolving hunting practices in Gabon: Lessons for community-based conservation interventions. Ecology and Society 20: 31.

    Wasser, S.K., C. Mailand, R. Booth, et al. 2007. Using DNA to track the largest ivory seizure since the 1989 trade ban. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 4228–33.

    Wasser, S.K., L. Brown, C. Mailand, et al. 2015. Genetic assignment of large seizures of elephant ivory reveals Africa’s major poaching hotspots. Science 349: 84–87.

    Williamson, J., O. Maurin, S.N.S. Shiba, et al. 2016. Exposing the illegal trade in cycad species (Cycadophyta: Encephalartos) at two traditional medicine markets in South Africa using DNA barcoding. Genome 59: 771–81.

    Wilson, J.W., R. Bergl, L.J. Minter, et al. 2019. The African elephant Loxodonta spp. conservation programs of North Carolina Zoo: Two decades of using emerging technologies to advance in situ conservation efforts. International Zoo Yearbook 53: in press.

    WWF. 2013. WWF FAQ on the RSPO P&C review.

    WWF. 2016. Ranger insurance (Washington: WWF).

    WWF. 2017. Court slams half a million dollar fine on ivory traffickers. WWF News.

    Yende, S.S. 2017. Concourt strikes a blow for nature. Fin24.

    Zengeya, T., P. Ivey, D.J. Woodford, et al. 2017. Managing conflict-generating invasive species in South Africa: Challenges and trade-offs. Bothalia 47: 1–11.

    12.9: Bibliography is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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