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5.8: Bibliography

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    Abbink, J. 2011. ‘Land to the foreigners’: Economic, legal, and socio-cultural aspects of new land acquisition schemes in Ethiopia. >Journal of Contemporary African Studies 29: 513–35.

    Achard, F., R. Beuchle, P. Mayaux, Het al. 2014. Determination of tropical deforestation rates and related carbon losses from 1990 to 2010. >Global Change Biology 20: 2540–54.

    Acreman, M.C. 1996. Environmental effects of hydro‐electric power generation in Africa and the potential for artificial floods. >Water and Environment Journal 10: 429–35.

    Arcilla, N., L.H. Holbech, and S. O’Donnell. 2015. Severe declines of understory birds follow illegal logging in Upper Guinea forests of Ghana, West Africa. >Biological Conservation 188: 41–49.

    Austin, K.G., M. González-Roglich, D. Schaffer-Smith, et al. 2017. Trends in size of tropical deforestation events signal increasing dominance of industrial-scale drivers. >Environmental Research Letters 12: 054009.

    Beier, P., M. van Drielen, and B.O. Kankam. 2002. Avifaunal collapse in West African forest fragments. >Conservation Biology 16: 1097–111.

    Beilfuss, R., and D. dos Santos. 2001. Patterns of hydrological change in the Zambezi Delta, Mozambique. >Working Paper 2 (Baraboo: International Crane Foundation).

    Benítez-López, A., R. Alkemade, A.M. Schipper, et al. 2017. The impact of hunting on tropical mammal and bird populations. >Science 356: 180–83.

    BirdLife International. 2019. >Migratory birds and flyways.

    Blake, S., S.L. Deem, S. Strindberg, et al. 2008 Roadless wilderness area determines forest elephant movements in the Congo Basin. >PloS ONE 3: e3546.

    Both, C., S. Bouwhuis, C.M. Lessells, et al. 2006. Climate change and population declines in a long-distance migratory bird. >Nature 441: 81–83.

    Bredenhand, E., and M.J. Samways. 2009. Impact of a dam on benthic macroinvertebrates in a small river in a biodiversity hotspot: Cape Floristic Region, South Africa. >Journal of Insect Conservation 13: 297–307.

    Cordeiro, N.J., H.J. Ndangalasi, J.P. McEntee, et al. 2009. Disperser limitation and recruitment of an endemic African tree in a fragmented landscape. >Ecology 90: 1030–41.

    Corlett, R., and R.B. Primack. 2010. >Tropical Rainforests:> An Ecological and Biogeographical Comparison (Malden: Wiley-Blackwell).

    Dale, S., K. Mork, R. Solvang, et al. 2000. Edge effects on the understorey bird community in a logged forest in Uganda. >Conservation Biology 14: 265–76.

    Davidson, N.C. 2014. How much wetland has the world lost? Long-term and recent trends in global wetland area. >Marine and Freshwater Research 65: 934–41.

    deGeorges, A., and B.K. Reilly. 2006. Dams and large-scale irrigation on the Senegal River: impacts on man and the environment. >International Journal of Environmental Studies 63: 633–44.

    Drechsel, P., L. Gyiele, D. Kunze, et al. 2001. Population density, soil nutrient depletion, and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa. >Ecological Economics 38: 251–58.

    Drijver, C.A., and M. Marchand, 1985. >Taming the floods. Environmental aspects of the floodplain developments of Africa (Leiden: Centre of Environmental Studies, University of Leiden).

    Durant, S.M., M.S. Becker, S. Creel, et al. 2015. Developing fencing policies for dryland ecosystems. >Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 544–51.

    Dybas, C.L. 2015. Forests between the tides: Conserving Earth’s vanishing mangrove ecosystems. >BioScience 65: 1039–45.

    Ehrlich, P.R., and L.H. Goulder. 2007. Is current consumption excessive? A general framework and some indications for the United States. >Conservation Biology 21: 1145–54.

    Estrada, A., P.A. Garber, A.B. Rylands, et al. 2017. Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. >Science Advances 3: e1600946.

    FAO (Food and Agriculture Organisation). 2013. >Food wastage footprint:> Impacts on natural resources. Summary Report (Rome: FAO).

    Feka, N.Z., G.B. Chuyong, and G.N. Ajonina. 2009. Sustainable utilization of mangroves using improved fish-smoking systems: A management perspective from the Douala-Edea wildlife reserve, Cameroon. >Tropical Conservation Science 2: 450–68.

    FFI and FDA (Forestry Development Authority). 2013. >National action plan for the conservation of the pygmy hippopotamus in Liberia (Cambridge: FFI; Monrovia: FDA).

    Freedman, A.H., W. Buermann, M. Lebreton, et al. 2009. Modeling the effects of anthropogenic habitat change on savanna snake invasions into African rainforest. >Conservation Biology 23: 81–92.

    GFN (Global Footprint Network). 2017. >National Footprint Accounts.

    Giri, C., E. Ochieng, L.L. Tieszen, et al. 2011. Status and distribution of mangrove forests of the world using Earth observation satellite data. >Global Ecology and Biogeography 20: 154–59.

    Gockowski, J., and D. Sonwa. 2011. Cocoa intensification scenarios and their predicted impact on CO2 emissions, biodiversity conservation, and rural livelihoods in the Guinea Rain Forest of West Africa. >Environmental Management 48: 307–21.

    Gómez, C., N.J. Bayly, D.R. Norris, et al. 2017. Fuel loads acquired at a stopover site influence the pace of intercontinental migration in a boreal songbird. >Scientific Reports 7: 3405.

    Gopal, B. 2013. Mangroves are wetlands, not forests: Some implications for their management. In: >Mangrove Ecosystems of Asia, ed. by I. Faridah-Hanum et al. (New York: Springer).

    Greger, M.M. 2012. >Traditional Healers as a Foundation Pillar of Medicinal Plant Conservation in Uganda. M.Sc. Thesis (Ås: Norwegian University of Life Sciences).

    Haddad, N.M., L.A. Brudvig, J. Clobert, et al. 2015. Habitat fragmentation and its lasting impact on Earth’s ecosystems. >Science Advances 1: e1500052.

    Hansen, M.C., P.V. Potapov, R. Moore, et al. 2013. High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change. >Science 342: 850–53. Data available on-line from:

    Harris, G., S. Thirgood, J.G.C. Hopcraft, et al. 2009. Global decline in aggregated migrations of large terrestrial mammals. >Endangered Species Research 7: 55–76.

    Hillers A., G.M. Buchanan, J.C. Garteh, et al. 2017. A mix of community-based conservation and protected forests is needed for the survival of the Endangered pygmy hippopotamus >Choeropsis liberiensis. >Oryx 51: 230–39.

    Hoffmann, M., J.W. Duckworth, K. Holmes, et al. 2015. The difference conservation makes to extinction risk of the world’s ungulates. >Conservation Biology 29: 1303–13.

    Hopcraft, J.G.C., S.A.R. Mduma, M. Borner, et al. 2015. Conservation and economic benefits of a road around the Serengeti. >Conservation Biology 29: 932–36.

    Ibisch, P.L., M.T. Hoffmann, S. Kreft, et al. 2016. A global map of roadless areas and their conservation status. >Science 354: 1423–27.

    IBPES. 2019. Nature’s dangerous decline ‘unprecedented’: Species extinction rates accelerating. >IBPES media release.

    IUCN. 2019. >The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

    Kalwij, J.M., M.P. Robertson, and B.J. Rensburg. 2008. Human activity facilitates altitudinal expansion of exotic plants along a road in montane grassland, South Africa. >Applied Vegetation Science 11: 491–98.

    Kariuki, M. and K. Ndang’ang’a, 2018. Can the Critically Endangered Liben lark be saved? Our latest update. >BirdLife News.

    Kirby, J.S., A.J. Stattersfield, S.H.M. Butchart, et al. 2008. Key conservation issues for migratory land-and waterbird species on the world’s major flyways. >Bird Conservation International 18: S49–S73.

    Kolbert, E., and D. Roberts. 2017. I’m an environmental journalist, but I never write about overpopulation. Here’s why. >Vox.

    Koohafkan, P., M. Salman, and C. Casarotto. 2011. Investments in land and water. In: >The State of the World’s Land and Water Resources for Food and Agriculture (>SOLAW)>—Managing Systems at Risk (Rome: FAO; London: Earthscan).

    Laurance, W.F., J. Sayer, and K.G. Cassman. 2014. Agricultural expansion and its impacts on tropical nature. >Trends in Ecology and Evolution 29: 107–16.

    Lehouck, V., T. Spanhove, L. Colson, et al. 2009. Habitat disturbance reduces seed dispersal of a forest interior tree in a fragmented African cloud forest. >Oikos 118: 1023–34.

    Lewis, R.R. 2005. Ecological engineering for successful management and restoration of mangrove forests. >Ecological Engineering 24: 403–18.

    Luther, D.A., and R. Greenberg. 2009. Mangroves: A global perspective on the evolution and conservation of their terrestrial vertebrates. >BioScience 59: 602–12.

    MacArthur, R.H., and E.O. Wilson. 2015. >Theory of Island Biogeography (Princeton: Princeton University Press).

    Mahamued, B.A. 2016. >Designing a Rangeland to Preserve Africa’s Most Endangered Mainland Bird and a People’s Way of Life. Doctoral dissertation (Manchester: Manchester Metropolitan University).

    Mertens, B., and E.F. Lambin. 1997. Spatial modelling of deforestation in southern Cameroon: Spatial disaggregation of diverse deforestation processes. >Applied Geography 17: 143–62.

    Moran, D., and K Kanemoto. 2017. Identifying species threat hotspots from global supply chains. >Nature Ecology and Evolution 1: 0023.

    Morgan, B.J., E.E. Abwe, A.F. Dixson, et al. 2013. The distribution, status, and conservation outlook of the drill (>Mandrillus leucophaeus) in Cameroon. >International Journal of Primatology 34: 281–302.

    Moss, T., and P. Agyapong. 2015. >US holiday lights use more electricity than El Salvador does in a year (London: Center for Global Development).

    Neville, K. 2015. The contentious political economy of biofuels. >Global Environmental Politics 15: 21–40.

    Olson, D.M., and E. Dinerstein. 2002. The Global 200: Priority ecoregions for global conservation. >Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 89: 199–224.

    Potapov, P., M.C. Hansen, L. Laestadius, et al. 2017. The last frontiers of wilderness: Tracking loss of intact forest landscapes from 2000 to 2013. >Science Advances 3: e1600821.

    Primack, R.B. 2012. >A Primer for Conservation Biology (Sunderland: Sinauer).

    Ransom, C, P.T. Robinson, and B. Collen. 2015. >Choeropsis liberiensis. >The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T10032A18567171.

    Rudel, T.K. 2013. The national determinants of deforestation in sub-Saharan Africa. >Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 368: 20120405.

    Runge, C.A., J.E.M. Watson, S.H.M. Butchart, et al. 2015. Protected areas and global conservation of migratory birds. >Science 350: 1255–58.

    Rushworth, I., and S. Krüger. 2014. Wind farms threaten southern Africa’s cliff-nesting vultures. >Ostrich 8: 13–23.

    Sande, E., P.K. Ndang’ang’a, J. Wakelin, J., et al. 2008. International single species action plan for the conservation of the White-winged Flufftail >Sarothrura ayresi. >CMS Technical Series 19 (Bonn: CMS and AWEA).

    Sayer, J. 1992. A future for Africa’s tropical forests. In: >The Conservation Atlas of Tropical Forests:> Africa, ed. by J.A. Sayer et al. (London: Palgrave Macmillan).

    Sedláček, O., M. Mikeš, T. Albrecht, et al. 2014. Evidence for an edge effect on avian nest predation in fragmented afromontane forests in the Bamenda-Banso Highlands, NW Cameroon. >Tropical Conservation Science 7: 720–32.

    Smaller, C., Q. Wei, and L. Yalan. 2012. >Farmland and water:> China invests abroad (Winnipeg: IISD).

    Sokolow, S.H., E. Huttinger, N. Jouanard, et al. 2015. Reduced transmission of human schistosomiasis after restoration of a native river prawn that preys on the snail intermediate host. >Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 9650–55.

    Spottiswoode, C.N., M. Wondafrash, M. Gabremicheal, et al. 2009. Rangeland degradation is poised to cause Africa’s first recorded avian extinction. >Animal Conservation 12: 249–57.

    Spottiswoode, C.N., U. Olsson, M.S. Mills, et al. 2013. Rediscovery of a long-lost lark reveals the conspecificity of endangered >Heteromirafra populations in the Horn of Africa. >Journal of Ornithology 154: 813–25.

    Stabach, J.A., G. Wittemyer, R.B. Boone, et al. 2016. Variation in habitat selection by white‐bearded wildebeest across different degrees of human disturbance. >Ecosphere 7: e01428.

    Tabuti, J.R.S. 2006. Traditional knowledge in Bulamogi County - Uganda: Importance to sustainable livelihoods. In: >African Knowledge and Sciences:> Understanding and Supporting the Ways of Knowing in Sub-Saharan Africa, ed. by D. Millar et al. (Leusden: Compas).

    Tucker, M.A., K. Böhning-Gaese, W.F. Fagan, et al. 2018. Moving in the Anthropocene: Global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements. >Science 359: 466–69.

    Tyukavina, A., M.C. Hansen, P. Potapov, et al. 2018. Congo Basin forest loss dominated by increasing smallholder clearing. >Science Advances 4: eaat2993.

    van Bochove, J., E. Sullivan, and T. Nakamura. 2014. >The Importance of Mangroves to People:> A Call to Action (Cambridge: UNEP).

    van der Hoeven, C.A., W.F. de Boer, and H.H. Prins. 2010. Roadside conditions as predictor for wildlife crossing probability in a Central African rainforest. >African Journal of Ecology 48: 368–77.

    van Wilgen, B.W., J.L. Nel, and M. Rouget. 2007. Invasive alien plants and South African rivers: A proposed approach to the prioritization of control operations. >Freshwater Biology 52: 711–23.

    Vickery, J.A., S.R. Ewing, K.W. Smith, et al. 2014. The decline of Afro‐Palaearctic migrants and an assessment of potential causes. >Ibis 156: 1–22.

    Vogt, T. 2011. >Results of Sapo National Park bio-monitoring program 2007–2009. FFI-FDA Biomonitoring and Research Report (Cambridge: FFI; Monrovia: FDA).

    von Braun, J., and R.S. Meinzen-Dick. 2009. “>Land grabbing”> by foreign investors in developing countries:> Risks and opportunities (Washington: IFPRI).

    Wallenfang, J., M. Finckh, J. Oldeland, et al, 2015. Impact of shifting cultivation on dense tropical woodlands in southeast Angola. >Tropical Conservation Science 8: 863–92.

    Weisse, M., and E.D. Goldman. 2019. The world lost a Belgium-sized area of primary rainforest last year. >World Resources Institute Blog.

    Woodborne, S., K.D.A. Huchzermeyer, D. Govender, et al. 2012. Ecosystem change and the Olifants River crocodile mass mortality events. >Ecosphere 3: 1–17.

    World Bank. 2019. >World Bank Open Data.

    WRI (World Resources Institute). 2019. >Climate Analysis Indicators Tool:> WRI’s Climate Data Explorer.

    Ykhanbai, H., R. Garg, A. Singh, et al. 2014. >Conservation and “>land grabbing”> in rangelands:> Part of the problem or part of the solution? (Rome: International Land Coalition).

    This page titled 5.8: Bibliography is shared under a CC BY 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by John W. Wilson & Richard B. Primack (Open Book Publishers) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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