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2: Ecological Theory

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    • 2.1: Levels of Ecology
      Ecology covers a vast range of topics and can be viewed on multiple levels. These levels include (1) individual organism, (2) population ecology, (3) community ecology, (4)  and global ecology.
    • 2.2: Role of theory
      From its early days, ecology has been in part a theoretical– mathematical science, and it is now also a computational science. Mathematical theory arises where systems are relatively simple. In our modern era, computation can address somewhat more complex systems, though creating computations on complex systems that satisfy the basic tenets of science is still problematic. For very complex systems, narrative is all we have available.
    • 2.3: What is a model?
      Science strives for simplicity, and models are part of the process. A model is just a simplified view of something more complex.
    • 2.4: Present State

    2: Ecological Theory is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Clarence Lehman, Shelby Loberg, & Adam Clark (University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing) via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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