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Biology LibreTexts

Book: Environmental Biology (Fisher)

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  • Environmental Biology  is a free and open textbook that enables students to develop a nuanced understanding of today’s most pressing environmental issues. This text helps students grasp the scientific foundation of environmental topics so they can better understand the world around them and their impact upon it.  This book is a collaboration between various authors and organizations that are committed to providing students with high quality and affordable textbooks. Particularly, this text draws from the following open sources, in addition to new content from the editor:

    Environmental Biology is licensed under CC BY 4.0 and was edited and co-authored by Matthew R. Fisher, Biology Faculty at Oregon Coast Community College.  If you have questions, suggestions, or found errors in this text, please contact him at

    Thumbnail: Bumblebee pollinating Aquilegia vulgaris. Image used with permission (CC BY-SA 3.0 Unported; Roo72).