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1.1: Plantae Kingdom

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    Welcome to Plant Biology where all life is dependent on! This book’s main focus is learning plant biology. This diverse group of kingdom can go back to 470 million years ago. Green plants synthesize their own food using their special organelles, namely chloroplasts. Green plants demonstrate features including metabolism, \(\mathrm{DNA}\), emergent properties, regulation, and interaction with environment. Plant growth is a genetically programmed process and is influenced by environment. There is a relationship between structure and function. Moreover, plants have large central vacuoles and cell walls made of cellulose and pectin. There are two phases of life in plants including diploid (2n) sporophyte and haploid (n) gametophyte.

    \(\PageIndex{1}\). Student Learning Outcomes (SLOs)

    • SLO 01.01: Apply the best practices for learning and mastering plant biology.
    • SLO 01.02: Describe the reasons we study plants.
    • SLO 01.03: Distinguish between heterotrophs and autotrophs.
    • SLO 01.04: Define the 24 hour-(= 4.6 billion years) clock of the Earth.
    • SLO 01.05: Identify given plant species with their scientific names based on their key features.
    • SLO 01.06: Explain the differences between monocots and dicots classes.
    • SLO 01.07: Explain the differences between annuals and perennials.

    \(\PageIndex{2}\). Big Picture


    \(\PageIndex{3}\). Vocabulary and Key


    \(\PageIndex{4}\). Test Your Knowledge

    • Assessment 01.3.1: Provide examples of plant species that provide medicines.
    • Assessment 01.3.2: What do plants, algae, and cyanobacteria have in common?
    • Assessment 01.3.3: Explain the suggestion you would give to feed the 10 billion world population by 2050.
    • Assessment 01.3.4: Explain the importance of green plants and why life is dependent on them.

    \(\PageIndex{5}\). Can You Spot These Plants?



    1. Aloe vera, Neem, Garlic, Nettle, and Lemon balm
    2. They all can perform photosynthesis
    3. We will need to improve food production \(\sim 60 \%\) while increasing sustainability
    4. Plants and animals are dependent on each other, while both photosynthesis and sun energy makes life possible

    This page titled 1.1: Plantae Kingdom is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Gokhan Hacisalihoglu (Florida State Open Publishing) via source content that was edited to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.