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15.9: Bibliography

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    Adams, S., and S. Savahl. 2015. Children’s perceptions of the natural environment: A South African perspective. Children’s Geographies 13: 196–211.

    Balding, M., and K.J.H. Williams. 2016. Plant blindness and the implications for plant conservation. Conservation Biology 30: 1192–99.

    Balint, P.J., and J. Mashinya. 2008. CAMPFIRE during Zimbabwe’s national crisis: Local impacts and broader implications for community-based wildlife management. Society and Natural Resources 21: 783–96.

    Barnard, P., R. Altwegg, I. Ebrahim, et al. 2017. Early warning systems for biodiversity in southern Africa—How much can citizen science mitigate imperfect data? Biological Conservation 208: 183–88.

    Biggs, D., F. Courchamp, R. Martin, et al. 2013a. Legal trade of Africa’s rhino horns. Science 339: 1038–39.

    Biggs, D., F. Courchamp, R. Martin, et al. 2013b. Rhino poaching: Supply and demand uncertain—response. Science 340: 1168–69.

    Biggs, D., J. Turpie, C. Fabricius, et al. 2011. The value of avitourism for conservation and job creation—An analysis from South Africa. Conservation and Society 9: 80.

    Biggs, D., N.C. Ban, J.C. Castilla, et al. 2019. Insights on fostering the emergence of robust conservation actions from Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE program. Global Ecology and Conservation 17: e00538.

    Blackburn, E., and W. Cresswell. 2015a. High within-winter and annual survival rates in a declining Afro-Palaearctic migratory bird suggest that wintering conditions do not limit populations. Ibis 158: 92–105.

    Blackburn, E., and W. Cresswell. 2015b. Fine-scale habitat use during the non-breeding season suggests that winter habitat does not limit breeding populations of a declining long-distance Palearctic migrant. Journal of Avian Biology 46: 622–33.

    Bonebrake, T.C., F. Guo, C. Dingle, et al. 2019. Integrating proximal and horizon threats to biodiversity for conservation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 34: in press.

    Carvalho, M., F. Rego, J.M. Palmeirim, et al. 2015. Wild meat consumption on São Tomé Island, West Africa: Implications for conservation and local livelihoods. Ecology and Society 20: 27.

    Child, B. 1996. The practice and principles of community-based wildlife management in Zimbabwe: The CAMPFIRE program. Biodiversity and Conservation 5: p. 369–98.

    Chiramba, T., S. Mogoi, I. Martinez, et al. 2011. Payment for environmental services pilot project in Lake Naivasha basin, Kenya—A viable mechanism for watershed services that delivers sustainable natural resource management and improved livelihoods. UN-Water International Conference (Zaragoza: UNEP).

    Clements, H., J. Baum, and G.S. Cumming. 2016. Money and motives: An organizational ecology perspective on private land conservation. Biological Conservation 197: 108–15.

    Collins, A., G. Fraser, and J. Snowball. 2013. Rhino poaching: supply and demand uncertain. Science 340: 1167–67.

    Correa, D.F., H.L. Beyer, H.P. Possingham, et al. 2017. Biodiversity impacts of bioenergy production: Microalgae vs. first generation biofuels. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 74: 1131–46.

    Costanza, R., R. de Groot, P. Sutton, et al. 2014. Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26: 152–58.

    Cox, D.T., M.J. Brandt, R. McGregor, et al. 2012. The seasonality of breeding in savannah birds of West Africa assessed from broodpatch and juvenile occurrence. Journal of Ornithology 154: 671–83.

    Cox, D.T.C., and D.W. Cresswell. 2014. Mass gained during breeding positively correlates with adult survival because both reflect life history adaptation to seasonal food availability. Oecologia 174: 1197–204.

    Cox, M., G. Arnold, and S.V. Tomas. 2010. A review of design principles for community-based natural resource management. Ecology and Society 15: 38.

    Damerell, P., C. Howe, and E.J. Milner-Gulland. 2013. Child-orientated environmental education influences adult knowledge and household behavior. Environmental Research Letters 8: 015016.

    Danielsen, F., N.D. Burgess, P.M. Jensen, et al. 2010. Environmental monitoring: the scale and speed of implementation varies according to the degree of peoples involvement. Journal of Applied Ecology 47: 1166–68.

    Danielsen, F., P.M. Jensen, N.D. Burgess, et al. 2014. A multicountry assessment of tropical resource monitoring by local communities. BioScience 64: 236–51.

    Deemer, B.R., J.A. Harrison, S. Li, et al. 2016. Greenhouse gas emissions from reservoir water surfaces: A new global synthesis. BioScience 66: 949–64.

    DeVries, B., A.K. Pratihast, J. Verbesselt, et al. 2016. Characterizing forest change using community-based monitoring data and Landsat time series. PloS ONE 11: e0147121.

    DOD (Department of Defense). 2017. National defense budget estimates for FY 2018 (Washington: US DoD).

    Edwards, C.T.T., and E.E. Plagányi. 2008. Participatory assessment of the South African abalone resource and its impact on predicted population trajectories. South African Journal of Science 104: 185–91.

    Flack, P. 2011. The South African Conservation Success Story (Cape Town: Rowland Ward Publications).

    Frick, W.F., E.F. Baerwald, J.F. Pollock, et al. 2017. Fatalities at wind turbines may threaten population viability of a migratory bat. Biological Conservation 209: 172–77.

    Gill, D.A., M.B. Mascia, G.N. Ahmadia, et al. 2017. Capacity shortfalls hinder the performance of marine protected areas globally. Nature 543: 665–69.

    Granek, E.F., E.M.P. Madin, M.A. Brown, et al. 2008. Engaging recreational fishers in management and conservation: Global case studies. Conservation Biology 22: 1125–34.

    Hall, J.M., N.D. Burgess, S. Rantala, et al. 2014. Ecological and social outcomes of a new protected area in Tanzania. Conservation Biology 28: 1512–21.

    Heard, B.P., and B.W. Brook. 2017. Closing the cycle: How South Australia and Asia can benefit from re-inventing used nuclear fuel Management. Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies 4: 166–75.

    Hsiang, S., and N. Sekar. 2016. Does legalization reduce black market activity? Evidence from a global ivory experiment and elephant poaching data. NBER Working Paper 22314 (Cambridge: NBER).

    Ihwagi, F.W., T. Wang, G. Wittemyer, et al. 2015. Using poaching levels and elephant distribution to assess the conservation efficacy of private, communal and government land in northern Kenya. PLoS ONE 10: e0139079.

    IUCN/PACO. 2009. Big game hunting in West Africa. What is its contribution to conservation? (Ouagadougou: IUCN/PACO).

    Ivande, S.T., and W. Cresswell. 2016. Temperate migrants and resident bird species in Afrotropical savannahs show similar levels of ecological generalism. Ibis 158: 496–505.

    Ivande, S.T., S.A. Manu, Z.J. Wala, et al. 2012. Aspects of the breeding biology of Abdim’s Storks Ciconia abdimii in Nigeria. Malimbus 34: 82–91.

    Iwajomo, S.B., U. Ottosson, Y. Barshep, et al. 2011. The stopover behavior of the Garden Warbler Sylvia borin in Obudu, southeast Nigeria. Ornis Svecica 21: 29–36.

    James, A., K.J. Gaston, and A. Balmford. 2001. Can we afford to conserve biodiversity? BioScience 51: 43–52.[0043:CWATCB]2.0.CO;2

    Johnson, L.R., J.S. Johnson-Pynn, D.L. Lugumya, et al. 2013. Cultivating youth’s capacity to address climate change in Uganda. International Perspectives in Psychology 2: 29–44.

    Kareiva, P., and M. Marvier. 2012. What is conservation science? BioScience 62: 962–69.

    Kark, S., A. Tulloch, A. Gordon, et al. 2015. Cross-boundary collaboration: key to the conservation puzzle. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 12: 12–24.

    Kleiner, K. 2007. The backlash against biofuels. Nature Reports Climate Change 2: 9–11.

    Larson, L.R., A.L. Conway, S.M. Hernandez, et al. 2016. Human-wildlife conflict, conservation attitudes, and a potential role for citizen science in Sierra Leone, Africa. Conservation and Society 14: 205.

    Lenzen, M., D. Moran, K. Kanemoto, et al. 2012. International trade drives biodiversity threats in developing nations. Nature 486: 109–12.

    Lindsey, P.A., J.R.B. Miller, L.S. Petracca, et al. 2018. More than $1 billion needed annually to secure Africa’s protected areas with lions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: E10788-E10796.

    Litchfield, C.A. 2013. Rhino poaching: Apply conservation psychology. Science 340: 1168.

    Louv, R. 2008. Last Child in the Woods: Saving Our Children from Nature-Deficit Disorder (Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books).

    Maciejewski, K., and G. Cumming. 2015. The relevance of socioeconomic interactions for the resilience of protected area networks. Ecosphere 6: 1–14.

    Manu, S., W. Peach, and W. Cresswell. 2007. The effects of edge, fragment size and degree of isolation on avian species richness in highly fragmented forest in West Africa. Ibis 149: 287–97.

    Manu, S., W. Peach, C. Bowden, et al. 2005. The effects of forest fragmentation on the population density and distribution of the globally endangered Ibadan Malimbe Malimbus ibadanensis. Bird Conservation International 15: 275–85.

    Martin, C.M., E.B. Arnett, R.D. Stevens, et al. 2017. Reducing bat fatalities at wind facilities while improving the economic efficiency of operational mitigation. Journal of Mammalogy 98: 378–85.

    McCay, B.J. 2002. Emergence of institutions for the commons: Contexts, situations, and events. In: The Drama of the Commons, by National Research Council (Washington: National Academies Press).

    McClanahan, T.R., and P.S. Rankin. 2016. Geography of conservation spending, biodiversity, and culture. Conservation Biology 30: 1089–101.

    McCreless E., P. Visconti, J. Carwardine, et al. 2013. Cheap and nasty? The potential perils of using management costs to identify global conservation priorities. PLoS ONE 8: e80893.

    McGregor, R., M.J. Whittingham, and W. Cresswell. 2007. Survival rates of tropical birds in Nigeria, West Africa. Ibis 149: 615–18.

    Mcleod, E., B. Szuster, J. Hinkel, et al. 2015. Conservation organizations need to consider adaptive capacity: Why local input matters. Conservation Letters 9: 351–60.

    Milner, J.M., E.B. Nilsen, and H.P. Andreassen. 2007. Demographic side effects of selective hunting in ungulates and carnivores. Conservation Biology 21: 36–47.

    Mulero-Pázmány, M., R. Stolper, L.D. van Essen, et al. 2014. Remotely piloted aircraft systems as a rhinoceros anti-poaching tool in Africa. PloS ONE 9: e83873.

    Muradian, R., M. Arsel, L. Pellegrini, et al. 2013. Payments for ecosystem services and the fatal attraction of winwin solutions. Conservation Letters 6: 274–79.

    Murray, C.K. 2017. The lion’s share? On the economic benefits of trophy hunting (Melbourne: Economists at Large).

    Naidoo, R., L.C. Weaver, R.W. Diggle, et al. 2016. Complementary benefits of tourism and hunting to communal conservancies in Namibia. Conservation Biology 30: 628–38.

    Nelson, F., L. Hazzah, J. Kasaona, et al. 2017. Rethinking conservation funding models in Africa (commentary). Mongabay.

    Nkambwe, M., and V.N. Essilfie. 2012. Misalignment between policy and practice: Introducing environmental education in school curricula in Botswana. Educational Research and Reviews 7: 19–26.

    Oldekop, J.A., G. Holmes, W.E. Harris, et al. 2016. A global assessment of the social and conservation outcomes of protected areas. Conservation Biology 30: 133–41.

    Pettorelli, N., K. Safi, and W. Turner. 2014. Satellite remote sensing, biodiversity research and conservation of the future. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 369: 20130190.

    Pimm, S.L., S. Alibhai, R. Bergl, et al. 2015. Emerging technologies to conserve biodiversity. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30: 685–96.

    Pooley, S., J.A. Mendelsohn, and E.J. Milner-Gulland. 2014. Hunting down the chimera of multiple disciplinarity in conservation science. Conservation Biology 28: 22–32.

    Prins, H.H.T., and B. Okita-Ouma. 2013. Rhino poaching: Unique challenges. Science 340: 1167–68.

    Randall, T. 2016. World energy hits a turning point: Solar that’s cheaper than wind. Bloomberg

    Redpath, S.M., J, Young, A. Evely, et al. 2013. Understanding and managing conservation conflicts. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 28: 100–09.

    Reid, T., S. Krüger, D.P. Whitfield, et al. 2015. Using spatial analyses of bearded vulture movements in southern Africa to inform wind turbine placement. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 881–92.

    Rodríguez, J.P., A.B. Taber, P. Daszak, et al. 2007. Globalization of conservation: A view from the South. Science 317: 755–56.

    Rushworth, I., and S. Krüger. 2014. Wind farms threaten southern Africa’s cliff-nesting vultures. Ostrich 8: 13–23.

    Schuttler, S.G., R.S. Sears, I. Orendain, et al. 2018. Citizen science in schools: Students collect valuable mammal data for science, conservation, and community engagement. BioScience 69: biy141.

    Şekercioğlu, Ç.H. 2011. Promoting community-based bird monitoring in the tropics: Conservation, research, environmental education, capacity-building, and local incomes. Biological Conservation 151: 69–73.

    Shackeroff, J.M., and L.M. Campbell. 2007. Traditional ecological knowledge in conservation research: Problems and prospects for their constructive engagement. Conservation and Society 5: 343.

    Sheikh, P.A. 2018. Debt-for-nature initiatives and the tropical forest conservation act (TFCA): Status and implementation (Washington: Congressional Research Services).

    Shindell, D.T., Y. Lee, and G. Faluvegi. 2016. Climate and health impacts of US emissions reductions consistent with 2°C. Nature Climate Change 6: 503–07.

    Simmons, D. 2016. Rwanda begins Zipline commercial drone deliveries. BBC.

    Soulé, M.E. 1985. What is conservation biology?: A new synthetic discipline addresses the dynamics and problems of perturbed species, communities, and ecosystems. BioScience 35: 727-734.

    Störmer, N., L.C. Weaver, G. Stuart-Hill, et al. 2019. Investigating the effects of community-based conservation on attitudes towards wildlife in Namibia. Biological Conservation 233: 193–200.

    Tensen, L. 2016. Under what circumstances can wildlife farming benefit species conservation? Global Ecology and Conservation 6: 286–98.

    TNC (The Nature Conservancy). 2015. Debt swap to finance marine conservation in the Seychelles.

    Twinamatsiko, M., J. Baker, M. Harrison, et al. 2014. Linking conservation, equity and poverty alleviation: understanding profiles and motivations of resource users and local perceptions of governance at Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda (London: IIED).

    van Andel, A.C., S.A. Wich, C. Boesch, et al. 2015. Locating chimpanzee nests and identifying fruiting trees with an unmanned aerial vehicle. American Journal of Primatology 77: 1122–34.

    van Vliet, N., D. Cornelis, H. Beck, et al. 2016. Meat from the wild: Extractive uses of wildlife and alternatives for sustainability. In: Current Trends in Wildlife Research, ed. by R. Mateo (Basel: Springer).

    Vermeulen, C., P. Lejeune, J. Lisein, et al. 2013. Unmanned aerial survey of elephants. PloS ONE 8: e54700.

    Walston, L.J., K.E. Rollins, K.E. LaGory, et al. 2016. A preliminary assessment of avian mortality at utility-scale solar energy facilities in the United States. Renewable Energy 92: 405–14.

    Watson, J.E., Dudley, N., Segan, D.B., et al. 2014. The performance and potential of protected areas. Nature 515: 67–73.

    Waylen, K.A., A. Fischer, P.J.K. McGowan, et al. 2010. Effect of local cultural context on the success of communitybased conservation interventions. Conservation Biology 24: 1119–29.

    Whitley S., and L. van der Burg, 2015. Fossil fuel subsidy reform in Sub-Saharan Africa: From rhetoric to reality (London and Washington: New Climate Economy).

    Wilson, J., and W. Cresswell. 2006. How robust are Palearctic migrants to habitat loss and degradation in the Sahel? Ibis 148: 789–800.

    Wilson, J.W., R. Bergl, L.J. Minter, et al. 2019. The African elephant Loxodonta spp. conservation programs of North Carolina Zoo: Two decades of using emerging technologies to advance in situ conservation efforts. International Zoo Yearbook 53: in press.

    WRI (World Resources Institute). 2018. Climate Analysis Indicators Tool: WRI’s climate data explorer.

    WWF. 2000. Stakeholder collaboration: Building bridges for conservation (Washington: WWF).

    WWF. 2018. Living Planet report 2018: Aiming higher (Gland: WWF).

    15.9: Bibliography is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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