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4.8: Bibliography

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    Abate, T., A. van Huis, and J.K.O. Ampofo. 2000. Pest management strategies in traditional agriculture: An African perspective. Annual Review of Entomology 45: 631–59.

    Abernethy, K.A., L. Coad, G. Taylor, et al. 2013. Extent and ecological consequences of hunting in Central African rainforests in the twenty-first century. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: 368: 20120303.

    African Pollinators Initiative. 2007. Crops, Browse and Pollinators in Africa: An Initial Stock-taking (Rome: FAO).

    Allsopp, M.H., W.J. de Lange, and R. Veldtman. 2008. Valuing insect pollination services with cost of replacement. PloS ONE 3: e3128.

    Archibald, K., and M. Clotworthy. 2007. Comment on ‘The ethics of animal research’ by Festing and Wilkinson. EMBO Reports 8: 794–96.

    Auffhammer, M., P. Baylis, and C.H. Hausman. 2017. Climate change is projected to have severe impacts on the frequency and intensity of peak electricity demand across the United States. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 1886–91.

    Babalola, S.A. 1966. The Content and Form of Yoruba Ijala. Oxford Library of African Literature (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Bako, S.P., S. Afolabi, and I.I. Funtua. 2008. Spatial distribution and heavy metal content of some bryophytes and lichens in relation to air pollution in Nigeria’s Guinea Savanna. International Journal of Environment and Pollution 33: 195–206.

    Balmford, A., A. Manica, L. Airey, et al. 2004. Hollywood, climate change, and the public. Science 305: 1713.

    Balmford, A., J.M. Green, M. Anderson, et al. 2015. Walk on the wild side: Estimating the global magnitude of visits to protected areas. PloS Biology 13: e1002074.

    Balogun, A.A., T.E. Morakinyo, and O.B. Adegun. 2014. Effect of tree-shading on energy demand of two similar buildings. Energy and Buildings 81: 305–15.

    Benjaminsen, T. 2008. Does supply-induced scarcity drive violent conflicts in the African Sahel? The case of the Tuareg rebellion in northern Mali. Journal of Peace Research 45: 819–36.

    Biggs, D., J. Turpie, C. Fabricius, et al. 2011. The value of avitourism for conservation and job creation—an analysis from South Africa. Conservation and Society 9: 80–90.

    Bodin, N., R. N’Gom-Kâ, S. Kâ, et al. 2013. Assessment of trace metal contamination in mangrove ecosystems from Senegal, West Africa. Chemosphere 90: 150–57.

    Bonnell, T.R., R. Reyna-Hurtado, and C.A. Chapman. 2011. Post-logging recovery time is longer than expected in an East African tropical forest. Forest Ecology and Management 261: 855–64.

    Boreyko, J.B., R.R. Hansen, K.R. Murphy, et al. 2016. Controlling condensation and frost growth with chemical micropatterns. Scientific Reports 6: 19131.

    Brashares J.S., C.W. Epps, and C.J. Stoner. 2010. Ecological and conservation implications of mesopredator release. In: Trophic Cascades, ed. By J. Terborgh and J. Estes (Washington: Island Press).

    Brashares, J.S., P. Arcese, M.K. Sam, et al. 2004. Bushmeat hunting, wildlife declines, and fish supply in West Africa. Science 306: 1180–83.

    Brito, J.C., S.M. Durant, N. Pettorelli, et al. 2018. Armed conflicts and wildlife decline: Challenges and recommendations for effective conservation policy in the Sahara-Sahel. Conservation Letters 11: e12446.

    Cagua E.F., N. Collins, J. Hancock, et al. 2014. Whale shark economics: A valuation of wildlife tourism in South Ari Atoll, Maldives. PeerJ 2: e515.

    Chamaillé-Jammes, S., H. Fritz, M. Valeix, et al. 2008. Resource variability, aggregation and direct density dependence in an open context: The local regulation of an African elephant population. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 135–44.

    Clark, L. 2012. This self-filling water bottle mimics a desert beetle. Wired Magazine.

    Coad, L., J. Schleicher, E.J. Milner-Gulland, et al. 2013. Social and ecological change over a decade in a village hunting system, central Gabon. Conservation Biology 27: 270–80.

    Coad, L., K. Abernethy, A. Balmford, et al. 2010. Distribution and use of income from bushmeat in a rural village, Central Gabon: Bushmeat income in Gabon. Conservation Biology 24: 1510–18.

    Costanza, R., R. de Groot, P. Sutton, et al. 2014. Changes in the global value of ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change 26: 152–58.

    Cumming, D.H.M., M.B. Fenton, I.L. Rautenbach, et al. 1997. Elephants, woodlands and biodiversity in southern Africa. South African Journal of Science 93: 231–36.

    Daskin, J.H., and R.M. Pringle. 2018. Warfare and wildlife declines in Africa’s protected areas. Nature 553: 328–32.

    Davis A.P., T.W. Gole, S. Baena, et al. 2012. The impact of climate change on indigenous arabica coffee (Coffea arabica): Predicting future trends and identifying priorities. PloS ONE 7: e47981.

    Diamond, J. 2011. Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed (London: Penguin Books).

    Díaz, S., U. Pascual, M. Stenseke, et al. 2018. Assessing nature’s contributions to people. Science 359: 270–72.

    Dirzo, R., H.S. Young, M. Galetti, et al., 2014. Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science 345: 401–06.

    Duthie, E., D. Veríssimo, A. Keane, et al. 2017. The effectiveness of celebrities in conservation marketing. PloS ONE 12: e0180027.

    Ehrlich, P., and B. Walker. 1998. Rivets and redundancy. BioScience 48: 387–88.

    Ellis A.M., S.S. Myers, and T.H. Ricketts. 2015. Do pollinators contribute to nutritional health? PloS ONE 10: e114805.

    Estes, J.A., J. Terborgh, J.S. Brashares, et al. 2011. Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science 333: 301–06

    Farber, S.C., R. Costanza, and A.M. Wilson. 2002. Economic and ecological concepts for valuing ecosystem services. Ecological Economics 41: 375–92.

    Festing, S., and R. Wilkinson. 2007. The ethics of animal research. EMBO Reports 8: 526–30.

    Fosso-Kankeu, E., and A.F. Mulaba-Bafubiandi. 2014. Implication of plants and microbial metalloproteins in the bioremediation of polluted waters: A review. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 67: 242–52.

    Gallagher, A.J., and C.P.M. Huveneers. 2018. Emerging challenges to shark-diving tourism. Marine Policy 96: 9–12.

    Gallai, N., J.M. Salles, J. Settele, et al. 2009. Economic valuation of the vulnerability of world agriculture confronted with pollinator decline. Ecological Economics 68: 810–21.

    Garcia-Carreras, L., and D.J. Parker. 2011. How does local tropical deforestation affect rainfall? Geophysical Research Letters 38: L19802.

    Garibaldi, L.A., I. Steffan-Dewenter, R. Winfree, et al. 2013. Wild pollinators enhance fruit set of crops regardless of honey bee abundance. Science 339: 1608–11.

    Gemmill-Herren, B., and A.O. Ochieng. 2008. Role of native bees and natural habitats in eggplant (Solanum melongena) pollination in Kenya. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 127: 31–36.

    Gleick, P.H. 2014. Water, drought, climate change, and conflict in Syria. Weather, Climate, and Society 6: 331–40.

    Gorokhovich, Y., S. Doocy, F. Walyawula, et al. 2013. Landslides in Bududa, eastern Uganda: Preliminary assessment and proposed solutions. In: Landslide Science and Practice, ed. by C. Margottini et al. (Berlin: Springer).

    Graziosi, I., N. Minato, E. Alvarez, et al. 2016. Emerging pests and diseases of South‐east Asian cassava: A comprehensive evaluation of geographic priorities, management options and research needs. Pest Management Science 72: 1071–89.

    Guerry, A.D., S. Polasky, J. Lubchenco, et al. 2015. Natural capital and ecosystem services informing decisions: From promise to practice. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 112: 7348–55.

    Gurib-Fakim, A. 2017. Capitalize on African biodiversity. Nature 548: 7.

    Hairston, N.G., F.E. Smith, and L.B. Slobodkin. 1960. Community structure, population control, and competition. American Naturalist 94: 421–25.

    Hamady, L.L., L.J. Natanson, G.B. Skomal, et al. 2014. Vertebral bomb radiocarbon suggests extreme longevity in white sharks. PloS ONE 9: e84006.

    Hanson, T., T.M. Brooks, G.A. Da Fonseca, et al. 2009. Warfare in biodiversity hotspots. Conservation Biology 23: 578–87.

    Hara, M., I. Maharaj, and L. Pithers. 2003. Marine-based tourism in Gansbaai: A socio-economic study (Cape Town: DEAT).

    Hayward, M.W., M.J. Somers, G.I. Kerley, et al. 2012. Animal ethics and ecotourism. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 42: iii–v.

    Holdo, R.M., A.R.E. Sinclair, A.P. Dobson, et al. 2009. A disease-mediated trophic cascade in the Serengeti and its implications for ecosystem C. PloS Biology 7: e1000210.

    Hsiang, S., R. Kopp, A. Jina, et al. 2017. Estimating economic damage from climate change in the United States. Science 356: 1362–69.

    Hughes, N.J. 2011. The economic value of Congo Basin protected areas goods and services. Journal of Sustainable Development 4: 130–42

    Ingram, D., L.M. Coad, B. Collen, et al. 2015. Indicators for wild animal offtake: Methods and case study for African mammals and birds. Ecology and Society 20: 40.

    Jaramillo J., E. Muchugu, F.E. Vega, et al. 2011. Some like it hot: The influence and implications of climate change on coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) and coffee production in East Africa. PloS ONE 6: e24528.

    Jouquet, P., S. Traoré, C. Choosai, et al. 2011. Influence of termites on ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem services provided by termites. European Journal of Soil Biology 47: 215–22.

    Kardan, O., P. Gozdyra, B. Misic, et al. 2015. Neighborhood greenspace and health in a large urban center. Scientific Reports 5: 11610.

    Khan, S., S. Nadir, Z.U. Shah, et al. 2017. Biodegradation of polyester polyurethane by Aspergillus tubingensis. Environmental Pollution 225: 469–80.

    Khan, Z.R., C.A. Midega, T.J. Bruce, et al. 2010. Exploiting phytochemicals for developing a ‘push–pull’crop protection strategy for cereal farmers in Africa. Journal of Experimental Botany 61: 4185–96.

    Kling, C.L., D J. Phaneuf, and J. Zhao. 2012. From Exxon to BP: Has some number become better than no number? Journal of Economic Perspectives 26: 3–26.

    Koné, I., J.E. Lambert, J. Refisch, et al. 2008. Primate seed dispersal and its potential role in maintaining useful tree species in the Taï region, Côte-d’Ivoire: Implications for the conservation of forest fragments. Tropical Conservation Science 1: 293–306.

    LaLonde, K.B., A. Mahoney, T.L. Edwards, et al. 2015. Training pouched rats to find people. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 48: 1–10.

    Lassen, K.M., A. Ræbild, H. Hansen, et al. 2012. Bats and bees are pollinating Parkia biglobosa in The Gambia. Agroforestry Systems 85: 465–75.

    Lawrence, D., and K. Vandecar. 2015. Effects of tropical deforestation on climate and agriculture. Nature Climate Change 5: 27–36.

    Lindsey P.A., V.R. Nyirenda, J.L. Barnes, et al. 2014. Underperformance of African protected area networks and the case for new conservation models: Insights from Zambia. PloS ONE 9: e94109.

    Lindsey, P.A., J.R.B. Miller, L.S. Petracca, et al. 2018. More than $1 billion needed annually to secure Africa’s protected areas with lions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: E10788-E10796.

    Lovelock, J. 1988. The Ages of Gaia: A Bibliography of Our Living Earth (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Loveridge, J.P., and S.R. Moe. 2004. Termitaria as browsing hotspots for African megaherbivores in miombo woodland. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20: 337–43.

    Mahoney, A., T.L. Edwards, K.B. LaLonde, et al. 2014a. Pouched rats’ (Cricetomys gambianus) detection of Salmonella in horse feces. Journal of Veterinary Behavior 9: 124–26.

    Mallory, T.G. 2013. China’s distant water fishing industry: Evolving policies and implications. Marine Policy 38: 99–108.

    Markakis, J. 1995. Environmental Degradation and Social Conflict in the Horn of Africa. In: Environmental Crisis: Regional Conflicts and Ways of Cooperation, ed. by K.R. Spillman and G. Bächler (Zurich: Center for Security Studies; Berne: Swiss Peace Foundation).

    Markandya, A., T. Taylor, A. Longo, et al. 2008. Counting the cost of vulture decline—an appraisal of the human health and other benefits of vultures in India. Ecological Economics 67: 194–204.

    Martin, M.J., J.C. Rayner, P. Gagneux, et al. 2005. Evolution of human-chimpanzee differences in malaria susceptibility: Relationship to human genetic loss of N-glycolylneuraminic acid. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 102: 12819–24.

    Mbugua, S. 2017. Conservation leaders in Africa call for a crackdown on biopiracy. Mongabay

    McCauley, D.J. 2006. Selling out on nature. Nature 443: 27–28.

    Metcalf, J.A., L.J. Funkhouser-Jones, K. Brileya, et al. 2014. Antibacterial gene transfer across the tree of life. Elife 3: e04266.

    Morakinyo, T.E., A.A. Balogun, and O.B. Adegun. 2013. Comparing the effect of trees on thermal conditions of two typical urban buildings. Urban Climate 3: 76–93.

    Myers, N., and J. Kent. 2001 Perverse Subsidies: How Tax Dollars Can Undercut the Environment and the Economy (Washington: Island Press).

    Nackoney, J., G. Molinario, P. Potapov, et al. 2014. Impacts of civil conflict on primary forest habitat in northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, 1990–2010. Biological Conservation 170: 321–28.

    Neuenschwander, P. 2001. Biological control of the cassava mealybug in Africa: A review. Biological Control 21: 214–29.

    NRC (National Research Council). 2000. Watershed Management for Potable Water Supply: Assessing the New York City Strategy (Washington: National Academy Press).

    NRC (National Research Council). 2002. The drama of the commons (Washington: National Academies Press).

    O’Bryan, C.J., A.R. Braczkowski, H.L. Beyer, et al. 2018. The contribution of predators and scavengers to human well-being. Nature Ecology and Evolution 2: 229–36.

    Oaks, J.L., M. Gilbert, M.Z. Virani, et al. 2004. Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan. Nature 427: 630–33.

    Ogada, D., P. Shaw, R.L. Beyers, et al. 2015. Another continental vulture crisis: Africa’s vultures collapsing toward extinction. Conservation Letters 9: 98–97.

    Ogueke, N.V., A.F. Nwakanma, T. Ngharamike, et al. 2017. Energy-saving potentials of some local trees. Energy Efficiency 10: 171–81.

    Paine, R.T. 1969. A note on trophic complexity and community stability. American Naturalist 103: 91–93.

    Paiva, V.H., P. Geraldes, I. Rodrigues, T. Melo, et al. 2015. The foraging ecology of the endangered Cape Verde shearwater, a sentinel species for marine conservation off West Africa. PloS ONE 10: e0139390.

    Parker, A.R., and C.R. Lawrence. 2001. Water capture by a desert beetle. Nature 414: 33–34.

    Parsa, S., T. Kondo, and A. Winotai. 2012. The cassava mealybug (Phenacoccus manihoti) in Asia: First records, potential distribution, and an identification key. PloS ONE 7: e47675.

    Prime Minister’s Task Force. 2009. Report of the Prime Minister’s Task Force on the conservation of the Mau Forests Complex (Nairobi: Prime Minister’s Task Force).

    Pringle, R.M. 2008. Elephants as agents of habitat creation for small vertebrates at the patch scale. Ecology 89: 26–33.

    Reither K., L. Jugheli, T.R. Glass, et al. 2015. Evaluation of giant African pouched rats for detection of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients from a high-endemic setting. PloS ONE 10: e0135877.

    Rollin, B.E. 2007. Animal research: A moral science. EMBO Reports 8: 521–25.

    Samnegård, U., P.A. Hambäck, S. Nemomissa, et al. 2014. Dominance of the semi-wild honeybee as coffee pollinator across a gradient of shade-tree structure in Ethiopia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 30: 401–08.

    Schulz, R., and S.K.C. Peall. 2001. Effectiveness of a constructed wetland for retention of nonpoint-source pesticide pollution in the Lourens River catchment, South Africa. Environmental Science and Technology 35: 422–26.

    Scott, K. 2011. Airdrop water harvester wins 2011 James Dyson Award. Wired Magazine.

    Silk, M.J., S.L. Crowley, A.J. Woodhead, et al. 2018. Considering connections between Hollywood and biodiversity conservation. Conservation Biology 31: 597–606.

    Silvertown, J. 2015 Have ecosystem services been oversold? Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30: 641–48.

    Sumaila, U.R., A.S. Khan, A.J. Dyck, et al. 2010. A bottom-up re-estimation of global fisheries subsidies. Journal of Bioeconomics 12: 201–25.

    Taylor, P.J., I. Grass, A.J. Alberts, et al. 2018. Economic value of bat predation services—a review and new estimates from macadamia orchards. Ecosystem Services 30C: 372–81.

    Thiel, M., M.A. Penna-Díaz, G. Luna-Jorquera, et al. 2014. Citizen scientists and marine research: Volunteer participants, their contributions, and projection for the future. Oceanography and Marine Biology 52: 257–314.

    Towner, A.V., M.A. Wcisel, R.R. Reisinger, et al. 2013. Gauging the threat: The first population estimate for white sharks in South Africa using photo identification and automated software. PloS ONE 8: e66035.

    Turpie, J.K., B.J. Heydenrych, and S.J. Lamberth. 2003. Economic value of terrestrial and marine biodiversity in the Cape Floristic Region: Implications for defining effective and socially optimal conservation strategies. Biological Conservation 112: 233–51.

    UNEP. 2012. The role and contribution of montane forests and related ecosystem services to the Kenyan economy (Nairobi: UNEP).

    Valeix, M., H. Fritz, R. Sabatier, et al. 2011. Elephant-induced structural changes in the vegetation and habitat selection by large herbivores in an African savanna. Biological Conservation 144: 902–12.

    van Bochove, J., E. Sullivan, and T. Nakamura. 2014. The Importance of Mangroves to People: A Call to Action (Cambridge: UNEP).

    van der Plas, F., R. Howison, J. Reinders, et al. 2013. Functional traits of trees on and off termite mounds: understanding the origin of biotically‐driven heterogeneity in savannas. Journal of Vegetation Science 24: 227–38.

    Vianna, G.M.S., M.G. Meekan, D.J. Pannell, et al. 2012. Socio-economic value and community benefits from shark-diving tourism in Palau: A sustainable use of reef shark populations. Biological Conservation 145: 267–77.

    Whitley S., and L. van der Burg, 2015. Fossil fuel subsidy reform in sub-Saharan Africa: from rhetoric to reality (London and Washington: New Climate Economy).

    Wicander, S., and L.M. Coad. 2015. Learning our Lessons: A Review of Alternative Livelihood Projects in Central Africa (Gland: IUCN).

    WWF, and BSI. 2006. Poverty and environmental issues: Governance institutions, institutional frameworks and opportunities for communities (Nairobi: UNEP).

    Yirga, G., H. Leirs, H.H. de Iongh, et al. 2015. Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta) concentrate around urban waste dumps across Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Wildlife Research 42: 563–69.

    Zeddies, J., R.P. Schaab, P. Neuenschwander, et al. 2001. Economics of biological control of cassava mealybug in Africa. Agricultural Economics 24: 209–19.

    4.8: Bibliography is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by LibreTexts.

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