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Biology LibreTexts


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  • Published by De Gruyter Open Ltd, Warsaw/Berlin
    Part of Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Munich/Boston
    This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 license, which means that the text may be used for non-commercial purposes, provided credit is given to the author. For details go to

    Copyright © 2014 Timea Gerczei, Scott Pattison

    ISBN: 978-3-11-041132-4
    e-ISBN: 978-3-11-041133-1

    Bibliographic information published by the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek The Deutsche Nationalbi- bliothek lists this publication in the Deutsche Nationalbibliografie; detailed bibliographic data are available in the Internet at

    Managing Editor: Anna Rulka

    Cover illustration: © Thinkstock / agsandrew

    Complimentary copy, not for sale.