The chapter on mutation and repair of DNA dealt mainly with small changes in DNA sequence, usually single base pairs, resulting from errors in replication or damage to DNA. The DNA sequence of a chromosome can change in large segments as well, by the processes of recombination and transposition. Recombination is the production of new DNA molecule(s) from two parental DNA molecules or different segments of the same DNA molecule; this will be the topic of this chapter. Transposition is a highly specialized form of recombination in which a segment of DNA moves from one location to another, either on the same chromosome or a different chromosome; this will be discussed in the next chapter.
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