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Biology LibreTexts

2.4: Cellular Components within the Cytoplasm

Skills to Develop

  1. Name the various structures that may be located within the cytoplasm of bacteria.

In this section on Prokaryotic Cell Anatomy we are looking at the various anatomical parts that make up a bacterium. As mentioned in the introduction to this section, a typical bacterium usually consists of:

  • a cytoplasmic membrane surrounded by a peptidoglycan cell wall and maybe an outer membrane;
  • a fluid cytoplasm containing a nuclear region (nucleoid) and numerous ribosomes; and
  • often various external structures such as a glycocalyx, flagella, and pili.

Contributors

  • Dr. Gary Kaiser (COMMUNITY COLLEGE OF BALTIMORE COUNTY, CATONSVILLE CAMPUS)