Skip to main content
Biology LibreTexts

12: Mendel's Experiments and Heredity

Gregor Johann Mendel was a German-speaking Moravian scientist and Augustinian friar who gained posthumous fame as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for centuries that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's experiments established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance.

Thumbnail: Pea plants were used by Gregor Mendel to discover some fundamental laws of genetics. (Flicker-Christian Guthier-CC:A).