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10.4: Laboratory Activities and Assignment

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    53672
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    Laboratory Activities and Assignment

    Part 1: Review of Articulations & Movements

    Articulations

    1. On the diagram below of a synovial joint, label the figure with the terms listed below:

    • joint cavity
    • articular cartilages
    • fibrous capsule
    • synovial membrane

    synovial joint for labeling

    2. Create a diagram showing the relationships (i.e. show in diagram form which types of joints belong to the same categories and which ones do not) between the following types of joints:

    • ball and socket
    • cartilaginous
    • condylar
    • fibrous
    • gomphosis
    • hinge
    • pivot
    • plane
    • syndesmosis
    • saddle
    • suture
    • synovial
    • synchondrosis
    • symphysis

    3. On the diagram below of the glenohumeral joint (shoulder), label the figure with the terms listed below:

    • articular cartilage
    • clavicle
    • bursa
    • glenoid labrum
    • synovial membrane
    • head of humerus
    • glenoid cavity of scapula
    • acromion of scapula

    shoulder joint for labeling

    4. On the diagram below of the knee joint (anterior view), label the figure with the terms listed below:

    • medial condyle
    • lateral condyle
    • medial collateral ligament
    • lateral collateral ligament
    • medial meniscus
    • lateral meniscus
    • anterior cruciate ligament
    • posterior cruciate ligament

    anterior knee joint for labeling

    5. On the diagram below of the knee joint (anterior view), label the figure with the terms listed below:

    • anterior cruciate ligament
    • posterior cruciate ligament
    • medial collateral ligament
    • lateral collateral ligament
    • medial meniscus
    • lateral meniscus
    • medial condyle
    • lateral condyle

    posterior knee joint for labeling

    Movements

    1. For each letter on the figure below, indicate the type of motion shown from the choices below. Some choices are used multiple times.

    • abduction
    • adduction
    • circumduction
    • depression
    • dorsiflexion
    • elevation
    • eversion
    • extension
    • flexion
    • inversion
    • lateral rotation
    • medial rotation
    • plantar flexion
    • pronation
    • protrusion
    • retrusion
    • supination

    Body movements

    A: _________________

    B: _________________

    C: _________________

    D: _________________

    E: _________________

    F: _________________

    G: _________________

    H: _________________

    I: _________________

    J: __________________

    K: __________________

    L: __________________

    M: __________________

    N: __________________

    O: __________________

    P: __________________

    Q: __________________

    R: ________________

    S: ________________

    T: ________________

    U: ________________

    V: ________________

    W: _______________

    X: ________________

    Y: ________________

    Part 2: Articulation Laboratory Activities

    1. Classify joints by structure and function. Inspect the anatomical models available to you. Classify the joints by structure and function. Also add the structural subcategory to your answers. Write your answers in the table provided below.

    Structural Classifications & Subcategories:

    Functional Classifications:

    1. fibrous

    • suture
    • gomphosis
    • syndesmosis

    2. cartilaginous

    • symphysis
    • synchondrosis

    3. synovial

    • plane
    • ball and socket
    • hinge
    • pivot
    • condyloid
    • saddle
    1. synarthrosis
    2. amphiarthrosis
    3. diarthrosis

    Joint

    Structural classification & Subcategories

    Functional classification

    atlantoaxial joint (C1 and C2)

    atlantooccipital joint (C1 and occipital bone)

    coronal suture

    costochondral joint

    glenohumeral joint (shoulder)

    intervertebral joint

    knee joint

    radioulnar joint

    sagittal suture

    tibiofibular joint

    tooth joint

    2. Examine an anatomical model of a knee joint. Identify the following structures on the model.

    Structure

    Identified (/X)

    anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)

    articular surface of the femur

    bursae

    femur

    joint capsule

    lateral collateral ligament

    lateral condyle of femur

    lateral meniscus

    medial collateral ligament

    medial condyle of femur

    medial meniscus

    patella

    patellar ligament

    posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)

    quadriceps muscle

    synovial cavity (with synovial fluid)

    synovial membrane

    tendon of rectus femoris

    tibia

    3. Use the anatomical model of a knee joint to label the images below with the structures listed:

    • anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
    • bursae
    • femur
    • lateral collateral ligament
    • lateral condyle of femur
    • lateral meniscus
    • medial collateral ligament
    • medial condyle of femur
    • medial meniscus
    • patella
    • patellar ligament
    • posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
    • quadriceps muscle
    • tendon of rectus femoris
    • tibia

    Knee joint model for labeling

    Part 3: Movement Laboratory Activities

    1. Collaborating with your lab group, choose a body part for each of the movement terminologies below and physically move your body in this way. Describe how you moved for each below:

    a. flexion:

    b. extension:

    c. circumduction:

    d. elevation:

    e. depression:

    f. medial rotation:

    g. lateral rotation:

    h. dorsiflexion:

    i. plantar flexion:

    j. pronation:

    k. supination:

    l. inversion:

    m. eversion:

    n. protrusion:

    o. retrusion:

    p. opposition:

    q. reposition:

    2. With your lab group, move your body in each of the ways described below. Discuss these movements with your lab group and describe these movements using anatomical movement terminologies. You will need to use multiple movement terms for each:

    a. Walking:

    b. Stand and pivot your entire body to stand facing the direction to your right:

    c. Beginning in a normal standing position, move your arms as if you were doing a jumping jack:

    d. Simulate the movements you would do to grab a frying pan from a counter and move it to the stove:

    Attributions

    Part 1: Review of Articulations & Movements

    Part 2: Articulation Laboratory Activities


    This page titled 10.4: Laboratory Activities and Assignment is shared under a CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Rosanna Hartline.

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