# 12.12: Practice Test- Joints

$$\newcommand{\vecs}[1]{\overset { \scriptstyle \rightharpoonup} {\mathbf{#1}} }$$ $$\newcommand{\vecd}[1]{\overset{-\!-\!\rightharpoonup}{\vphantom{a}\smash {#1}}}$$$$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$ $$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$ $$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$ $$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\id}{\mathrm{id}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$ $$\newcommand{\kernel}{\mathrm{null}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\range}{\mathrm{range}\,}$$ $$\newcommand{\RealPart}{\mathrm{Re}}$$ $$\newcommand{\ImaginaryPart}{\mathrm{Im}}$$ $$\newcommand{\Argument}{\mathrm{Arg}}$$ $$\newcommand{\norm}[1]{\| #1 \|}$$ $$\newcommand{\inner}[2]{\langle #1, #2 \rangle}$$ $$\newcommand{\Span}{\mathrm{span}}$$$$\newcommand{\AA}{\unicode[.8,0]{x212B}}$$

Review the material from this module by completing the practice test below:

1.   The joint between adjacent vertebrae that includes an invertebral disc is classified as which type of joint?
1. diarthrosis
2. multiaxial
3. amphiarthrosis
4. synarthrosis

2.   Which of these joints is classified as a synarthrosis?
1. the pubic symphysis
2. the manubriosternal joint
3. an invertebral disc
4. the shoulder joint

3.   Which of these joints is classified as a biaxial diarthrosis?
1. the metacarpophalangeal joint
2. the hip joint
3. the elbow joint
4. the pubic symphysis

4   Synovial joints ________.
1. may be functionally classified as a synarthrosis
2. are joints where the bones are connected to each other by hyaline cartilage
3. may be functionally classified as an amphiarthrosis
4. are joints where the bones articulate with each other within a fluid-filled joint cavity

5.   Which type of fibrous joint connects the tibia and fibula?
1. syndesmosis
2. symphysis
3. suture
4. gomphosis

6.   An example of a wide fibrous joint is ________.
1. the interosseous membrane of the forearm
2. a gomphosis
3. a suture joint
4. a synostosis

7.   A gomphosis ________.
1. is formed by an interosseous membrane
2. connects the tibia and fibula bones of the leg
3. contains a joint cavity
4. anchors a tooth to the jaw

8.   A syndesmosis is ________.
1. a narrow fibrous joint
2. the type of joint that unites bones of the skull
3. a fibrous joint that unites parallel bones
4. the type of joint that anchors the teeth in the jaws

9.   A cartilaginous joint ________.
1. has a joint cavity
2. is called a symphysis when the bones are united by fibrocartilage
3. anchors the teeth to the jaws
4. is formed by a wide sheet of fibrous connective tissue

10.   A synchondrosis is ________.
1. found at the pubic symphysis
2. where bones are connected together with fibrocartilage
3. a type of fibrous joint
4. found at the first sternocostal joint of the thoracic cage

11.   Which of the following are joined by a symphysis?
2. the first rib and the sternum
3. the end and shaft of a long bone
4. the radius and ulna bones

12.   The epiphyseal plate of a growing long bone in a child is classified as a ________.
1. synchondrosis
2. synostosis
3. symphysis
4. syndesmosis

13.   Which type of joint provides the greatest range of motion?
1. ball-and-socket
2. hinge
3. condyloid
4. plane

14.   Which type of joint allows for only uniaxial movement?
2. hinge joint
3. condyloid joint
4. ball-and-socket joint

15.   Which of the following is a type of synovial joint?
1. a synostosis
2. a suture
3. a plane joint
4. a synchondrosis

16.   A bursa ________.
1. surrounds a tendon at the point where the tendon crosses a joint
2. secretes the lubricating fluid for a synovial joint
3. prevents friction between skin and bone, or a muscle tendon and bone
4. is the strong band of connective tissue that holds bones together at a synovial joint

17.   At synovial joints, ________.
1. the articulating ends of the bones are directly connected by fibrous connective tissue
2. the ends of the bones are enclosed within a space called a subcutaneous bursa
3. intrinsic ligaments are located entirely inside of the articular capsule
4. the joint cavity is filled with a thick, lubricating fluid

18.   At a synovial joint, the synovial membrane ________.
1. forms the fibrous connective walls of the joint cavity
2. is the layer of cartilage that covers the articulating surfaces of the bones
3. forms the intracapsular ligaments
4. secretes the lubricating synovial fluid

19.   Condyloid joints ________.
1. are a type of ball-and-socket joint
3. are a uniaxial diarthrosis joint
4. are found at the proximal radioulnar joint

20.   A meniscus is ________.
2. a fluid-filled space that prevents friction between a muscle tendon and underlying bone
3. the articular cartilage that covers the ends of a bone at a synovial joint
4. the lubricating fluid within a synovial joint

21.   The joints between the articular processes of adjacent vertebrae can contribute to which movement?
1. lateral flexion
2. circumduction
3. dorsiflexion
4. abduction

22.   Which motion moves the bottom of the foot away from the midline of the body?
1. elevation
2. dorsiflexion
3. eversion
4. plantar flexion

23.   Movement of a body region in a circular movement at a condyloid joint is what type of motion?
1. rotation
2. elevation
3. abduction
4. circumduction

24.   Supination is the motion that moves the ________.
1. hand from the palm backward position to the palm forward position
2. foot so that the bottom of the foot faces the midline of the body
3. hand from the palm forward position to the palm backward position
4. scapula in an upward direction

25.   Movement at the shoulder joint that moves the upper limb laterally away from the body is called ________.
1. elevation
2. eversion
3. abduction
4. lateral rotation

26.   The primary support for the glenohumeral joint is provided by the ________.
1. coracohumeral ligament
2. glenoid labrum
3. rotator cuff muscles
4. subacromial bursa

27.   The proximal radioulnar joint ________.
1. is supported by the annular ligament
2. contains an articular disc that strongly unites the bones
3. is supported by the ulnar collateral ligament
4. is a hinge joint that allows for flexion/extension of the forearm

28.   Which statement is true concerning the knee joint?
1. The lateral meniscus is an intrinsic ligament located on the lateral side of the knee joint.
2. Hyperextension is resisted by the posterior cruciate ligament.
3. The anterior cruciate ligament supports the knee when it is flexed and weight bearing.
4. The medial meniscus is attached to the tibial collateral ligament.

29.   The ankle joint ________.
1. is also called the subtalar joint
2. allows for gliding movements that produce inversion/eversion of the foot
3. is a uniaxial hinge joint
4. is supported by the tibial collateral ligament on the lateral side

30.   Which region of the vertebral column has the greatest range of motion for rotation?
1. cervical
2. thoracic
3. lumbar
4. sacral

31.   Intramembranous ossification ________.
1. gives rise to the bones of the limbs
2. produces the bones of the top and sides of the skull
3. produces the bones of the face and base of the skull
4. involves the conversion of a hyaline cartilage model into bone

32.   Synovial joints ________.
1. are derived from fontanelles
2. are produced by intramembranous ossification
3. develop at an interzone site
4. are produced by endochondral ossification

33.   Endochondral ossification is ________.
1. the process that replaces hyaline cartilage with bone tissue
2. the process by which mesenchyme differentiates directly into bone tissue
3. completed before birth
4. the process that gives rise to the joint interzone and future joint cavity