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9.6: Bibliography

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    Allen, J.A., H. Lang, and J.P. Chapin. 1917. The American Museum Congo Expedition Collection of Bats (New York: Order of the Trustees, American Museum of Natural History).

    Anderson, S.C., T.A. Branch, A.B. Cooper, et al. 2017. Black-swan events in animal populations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 3252–57.

    Ayinla, O.A., A.B. Williams, D.A. Bolaji, et al. 2011. Development of turtle excluder device (TED) and its adoption in Nigeria (Lagos: Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research).

    Barthold, J.A., A.J. Loveridge, D.W. Macdonald, et al. 2016. Bayesian estimates of male and female African lion mortality for future use in population management. Journal of Applied Ecology 53: 295–304.

    Bongers, F., L. Poorter, W.D. Hawthorne, et al. 2009. The intermediate disturbance hypothesis applies to tropical forests, but disturbance contributes little to tree diversity. Ecology Letters 12: 798–805.

    Bouché, P., I. Douglas-Hamilton, G. Wittemyer, et al. 2011. Will elephants soon disappear from West African savannahs? PLoS ONE 6: e20619.

    Bouley P., M. Poulos, R. Branco, et al. 2018. Post-war recovery of the African lion in response to large-scale ecosystem restoration. Biological Conservation 227: 233–42.

    Brook B.W., J.J. O’Grady, A.P. Chapman, et al. 2000. Predictive accuracy of population viability analysis in conservation biology. Nature 329: 512–19.

    Brook, B., M. Burgman, and R. Frankham. 2000. Differences and congruencies between PVA packages: The importance of sex ratio for predictions of extinction risk. Conservation Ecology 4: 6.

    Brook, B.W., L.W. Traill, and C.J.A. Bradshaw. 2006. Minimum viable population sizes and global extinction risk are unrelated. Ecology Letters 9: 375–82.

    Buckland, S.T., and A. Johnston. 2017. Monitoring the biodiversity of regions: Key principles and possible pitfalls. Biological Conservation 214: 23–34.

    Carlsen, F., K. Leus, K. Traylor-Holzer, et al. 2012. Western chimpanzee population and habitat viability assessment for Sierra Leone: Final report. IUCN/SSC CBSG—Europe (Copenhagen: CBSG Europe).

    Caro, T.M., C.R. Young, A.E. Cauldwell, et al. 2009. Animal breeding systems and big game hunting: Models and application. Biological Conservation 142: 909–29.

    Caughley, G. 1977. Analysis of Vertebrate Populations (New York: Wiley).

    Conde, D.A., J. Staerk, F. Colchero, et al. 2019. Data gaps and opportunities for comparative and conservation biology. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 116: 9658–64.

    Crawford, R.J.M., L.G. Underhill, J.C. Coetzee, et al. 2008. Influences of the abundance and distribution of prey on African penguins Spheniscus demersus off western South Africa. African Journal of Marine Science 30: 167–75.

    Crone, E.E., M.M. Ellis, W.F. Morris, et al. 2013. Ability of matrix models to explain the past and predict the future of plant populations. Conservation Biology 27: 968–78.

    Crouse, D.T., L.B. Crowder, and H. Caswell. 1987. A stagebased population model for loggerhead sea turtles and implications for conservation. Ecology 68: 1412–23.

    Cumming, D.H.M., and G.S. Cumming. 2015. One Health: An ecological and conservation perspective. In: One Health: The Theory and Practice of Integrated Health Approaches, ed. by J. Zinsstag, et al. (Wallingford: CAB International).

    De Leo, G.A., and F. Micheli. 2015. The good, the bad and the ugly of marine reserves for fishery yields. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 370: 20140276.

    Eggert, L.S., R. Buij, M.E. Lee, et al. 2014. Using genetic profiles of African forest elephants to infer population structure, movements, and habitat use in a conservation and development landscape in Gabon. Conservation Biology 28: 107–18.

    Ellner, S.P., J. Fieberg, D. Ludwig, et al. 2002. Precision of population viability analysis. Conservation Biology 16: 258–61.

    Fennessy, S.T., and B. Isaksen. 2007. Can bycatch reduction devices be implemented successfully on prawn trawlers in the Western Indian Ocean? African Journal of Marine Science 29: 453–63.

    Flather, C.H., G.D. Hayward, S.R. Beissinger, et al. 2011. Minimum viable populations: Is there a ‘magic number’ for conservation practitioners? Trends in Ecology and Ecolution 26: 307–16.

    Formia, A., B.J. Godley, J.F. Dontaine, et al. 2006. Mitochondrial DNA diversity and phylogeography in West and Central African green turtles (Chelonia mydas). Conservation Genetics 7: 353–69.

    Frankham, R., C.J.A. Bradshaw, and B.W. Brook. 2014. Genetics in conservation management: Revised recommendations for the 50/500 rules, Red List criteria and population viability analyses. Biological Conservation 170: 56–63.

    Funmilayo, O. 1978. Fruit bats for meat: are too many taken? Oryx 14: 377–78.

    Hayman, D.T.S., and A.J. Peel. 2016. Can survival analyses detect hunting pressure in a highly connected species? Lessons from straw-coloured fruit bats. Biological Conservation 200: 131–39.

    Hayman, D.T.S., R. McCrea, O. Restif, et al. 2012. Demography of straw-colored fruit bats in Ghana. Journal of Mammalogy 93: 1393–404.

    Hughes, N., N. Rosen, N. Gretsky, et al. 2011. Will the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee go extinct? Models derived from intake rates of ape sanctuaries. In: Primates of Gashaka, ed. by V. Sommer and C. Ross (New York: Springer).

    Ingram, D.J., L. Coad, B. Collen, et al. 2015. Indicators for wild animal offtake: Methods and case study for African mammals and birds. Ecology and Society 20: 40.

    Kamins, A.O., O. Restif, Y. Ntiamoa-Baidu, et al. 2011. Uncovering the fruit bat bushmeat commodity chain and the true extent of fruit bat hunting in Ghana, West Africa. Biological Conservation 144: 3000–08.

    Kays, R., M.C. Crofoot, W. Jetz, et al. 2015. Terrestrial animal tracking as an eye on life and planet. Science 348: aaa2478.

    Kümpel, N.F., E.J. Milner-Gulland, G. Cowlishaw, et al. 2010. Assessing sustainability at multiple scales in a rotational bushmeat hunting system. Conservation Biology 24: 861–71.

    Lindsey, P., C.J. Tambling, R. Brummer, et al. 2011. Minimum prey and area requirements of the vulnerable cheetah Acinonyx jubatus: Implications for reintroduction and management of the species in South Africa. Oryx 45: 587–99.

    Lindsey, P., K. Marnewick, H. Davies-Mostert, et al. 2009. Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) population habitat viability assessment workshop report (Johannesburg: IUCN CBSG and EWT).

    Lindsey, P.A., G.A. Balme, P. Funston, et al. 2013. The trophy hunting of African lions: Scale, current management practices and factors undermining sustainability. PLoS ONE 8: e73808.

    Marnewick, K., S.M. Ferreira, S. Grange, et al. 2014. Evaluating the status of and African wild dogs Lycaon pictus and cheetahs Acinonyx jubatus through tourist-based photographic surveys in the Kruger National Park. PloS ONE 9: e86265.

    Maxwell, S.M., G.A. Breed, B.A. Nickel, et al. 2011. Using satellite tracking to optimize protection of long-lived marine species: Olive ridley sea turtle conservation in Central Africa. PloS ONE 6: e19905.

    McCarthy, M.A. 2007. Bayesian Methods for Ecology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

    McCarthy, M.A., S.J. Andelman, and H.P. Possingham. 2003. Reliability of relative predictions in population viability analysis. Conservation Biology 17: 982–89.

    McGeoch, M.A., B.J. van Rensburg, and A. Botes. 2002. The verification and application of bioindicators: A case study of dung beetles in a savanna ecosystem. Journal of Applied Ecology 39: 661–72.

    Metcalfe, K., P.D. Agamboué, E. Augowet, et al. 2015. Going the extra mile: Ground-based monitoring of olive ridley turtles reveals Gabon hosts the largest rookery in the Atlantic. Biological Conservation 190: 14–22.

    Milner-Gulland, E.J., and M.J. Rowcliffe. 2007. Conservation and Sustainable Use: A Handbook of Techniques (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

    Morris, W.F., and D.F. Doak. 2002. Quantitative Conservation Biology (Sunderland: Sinauer).

    Niamien, M., J. Coffi, B. Kadjo, et al. 2015. Initial data on poaching of Eidolon helvum (Kerr, 1792) near-threatened species in Côte D’ivoire, West Africa. European Journal of Scientific Research 35: 219–27.

    Ogutu, J.O., H.-P. Piepho, M.Y. Said, et al. 2016. Extreme wildlife declines and concurrent increase in livestock numbers in Kenya: What are the causes? PLoS ONE 11: e0163249.

    Parker, L. 2017. New ocean reserve, largest in Africa, protects whales and turtles. National Geographic.

    Peel, A.J., J.L.N. Wood, K.S. Baker, et al. 2017. How does Africa’s most hunted bat vary across the continent? Population traits of the straw-coloured fruit bat (Eidolon helvum) and its interactions with humans. Acta Chiropterologica 19: 77–92.

    Péron, G., and R. Altwegg. 2015. Twenty-five years of change in southern African passerine diversity: Nonclimatic factors of change. Global Change Biology 21: 3347–55.

    Pfab, M.F., and E.T.F. Witkowski. 2000. A simple population viability analysis of the critically endangered Euphorbia clivicola R.A. Dyer under four management scenarios. Biological Conservation 96: 263–70.

    Pikesley S.K., P.D. Agamboue, J.P. Bayet, et al. 2018. A novel approach to estimate the distribution, density and at-sea risks of a centrally-placed mobile marine vertebrate. Biological Conservation 221:246256.

    Reed, D.H., J.J. O’Grady, B.W. Brook, et al. 2003. Estimates of minimum viable population sizes for vertebrates and factors influencing those estimates. Biological Conservation 113: 23–34.

    Shaffer, M.L. 1981. Minimum population sizes for species conservation. BioScience 31: 131–34.

    Sherley, R.B., T. Burghardt, P.J. Barham, et al. 2010. Spotting the difference: Towards fully-automated population monitoring of African penguins Spheniscus demersus. Endangered Species Research 11: 101–11.

    Stalmans M., T.J. Massad, M.J.S. Peel, et al. 2019. War-induced collapse and asymmetric recovery of large-mammal populations in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. PLoS ONE 14: e0212864.

    Steenweg, R., M. Hebblewhite, R. Kays, et al. 2017. Scaling‐up camera traps: Monitoring the planet’s biodiversity with networks of remote sensors. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 15: 26–34.

    Tinley, K.L. 1977. Framework of the Gorongosa ecosystem. Ph.D. thesis (Pretoria: University of Pretoria).

    Traill, L.W., B.W. Brook, R.R. Frankham, et al. 2010. Pragmatic population viability targets in a rapidly changing world. Biological Conservation 143: 28–34.

    Traill, L.W., C.J.A. Bradshaw, and B.W. Brook. 2007. Minimum viable population size: A meta-analysis of 30 years of published estimates. Biological Conservation 139: 159–66.

    White, L., and A. Edwards. 2000. Conservation Research in the African Rain Forests: A Technical Handbook (New York: WCS).

    Wilson, H.B., J.R. Rhodes, and H.P. Possingham. 2015. Two additional principles for determining which species to monitor. Ecology 96: 3016–22.

    Witt, M.J., B. Baert, A.C. Broderick, et al. 2009. Aerial surveying of the world’s largest leatherback turtle rookery: A more effective methodology for large-scale monitoring. Biological Conservation 142: 1719–27.

    Witt, M.J., E.B. Augowet, A.C. Broderick, et al. 2011. Tracking leatherback turtles from the world’s largest rookery: Assessing threats across the South Atlantic. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 278: 2338–47.

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