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8.12: Bibliography

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    26814
  • Andreotti, S., S. Heyden, R. Henriques, et al. 2016. New insights into the evolutionary history of white sharks, Carcharodon carcharias. Journal of Biogeography 43: 328–39. https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12641

    Balon, E.K., M.N. Bruton, and H. Fricke. 1988. A fiftieth anniversary reflection on the living coelacanth, Latimeria chalumnae: Some new interpretations of its natural history and conservation status. Environmental Biology of Fishes 23: 241–80. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00005238

    Barnosky, A.D., N. Matzke, S. Tomiya, et al. 2011. Has the Earth’s sixth mass extinction already arrived? Nature 471: 51–57. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09678

    Barnosky, A.D., P.L. Koch, R.S. Feranec, et al. 2004. Assessing the causes of late Pleistocene extinctions on the continents. Science 306: 70–75. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1101476

    Barraclough, D.A. 2006. Bushels of bots. Natural History 115: 18–21.

    Bartlett, L.J., D.R. Williams, G.W. Prescott, et al. 2015. Robustness despite uncertainty: Regional climate data reveal the dominant role of humans in explaining global extinctions of Late Quaternary megafauna. Ecography 39: 152–61. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.01566

    Bauer, H., C. Packer, P.F. Funston, et al. 2015. Panthera leo. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T15951A79929984. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T15951A107265605.en

    Bazelet, C., and P. Naskrecki. 2014. Aroegas nigroornatus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2014: e.T20639917A56180093. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2014-1.RLTS.T20639917A56180093.en

    BirdLife International 2018a. Crithagra concolor. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22720310A128249895. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22720310A128249 895.en

    BirdLife International 2018b. Lanius newtoni. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T22705080A131390093. https://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22705080A131390 093.en

    Blackburn, D.C., C. Boix, E. Greenbaum, et al. 2016. The distribution of the Bururi Long-fingered Frog (Cardioglossa cyaneospila, family Arthroleptidae), a poorly known Albertine Rift endemic. Zootaxa 4170: 355–64. http://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4170.2.8

    Boschian, G., D. Caramella, D. Saccà, et al. 2019. Are there marrow cavities in Pleistocene elephant limb bones, and was marrow available to early humans? New CT scan results from the site of Castel di Guido (Italy). Quaternary Science Reviews 215 86–97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2019.05.010

    Brito, J.C., S.M. Durant, N. Pettorelli, et al. 2018. Armed conflicts and wildlife decline: Challenges and recommendations for effective conservation policy in the Sahara-Sahel. Conservation Letters 11: e12446. http://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12446

    Brook, B.W., and M.J.S. Bowman. 2005. One equation fits overkill: Why allometry underpins both prehistoric and modern body-sized extinctions. Population Ecology 47: 137–41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10144-005-0213-4

    Brooks, T.M., S.L. Pimm, and J.O. Oyugi. 1999. Time lag between deforestation and bird extinction in tropical forest fragments. Conservation Biology 13: 1140–50. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.98341.x

    Burt, A.J., J. Gane, I. Olivier, et al. 2016. The history, status and trends of the Endangered Seychelles Magpie-robin Copsychus sechellarum. Bird Conservation International 26: 505–23. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270915000404

    Callaway, E. 2017. Oldest Homo sapiens fossil claim rewrites our species’ history. Nature News. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature.2017.22114

    Caughley, G. 1994. Directions in conservation biology. Journal of Animal Ecology 63: 215–24. https://doi.org/10.2307/5542

    Ceballos, G., P.R. Ehrlich, A.D. Barnosky, et al. 2015. Accelerated modern human-induced species losses: Entering the sixth mass extinction. Science Advances 1: e1400253. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.1400253

    Ceballos, G., P.R. Ehrlich, and R. Dirzo. 2017. Biological annihilation via the ongoing sixth mass extinction signaled by vertebrate population losses and declines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: E6089–E6096. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1704949114

    Chakona, A, and S. Kubheka. 2018. Pseudobarbus quathlambae. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2018: e.T18475A100171498. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T18475A1 00171498.en

    Channing, A., K.S. Finlow-Bates, S.E. Haarklau, et al. 2006. The biology and recent history of the Critically Endangered Kihansi Spray Toad Nectophrynoides asperginis in Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 95: 117–38. https://doi.org/10.2982/0012-8317(2006)95[117:TBARHO]2.0.CO;2

    Chiyo, P.I., V. Obanda, and D.K. Korir. 2015. Illegal tusk harvest and the decline of tusk size in the African elephant. Ecology and Evolution 5: 5216–29. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.1769

    Clarke, G.P., N.D. Burgess, F.M. Mbago, et al. 2011. Two ‘extinct’ trees rediscovered near Kilwa, Tanzania. Journal of East African Natural History 100: 133–40. https://doi.org/10.2982/028.100.0109

    Contu, S. 2013. Cyperus chionocephalus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2013: e.T44393328A44490119. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2013-1.RLTS.T44393328A44490119.en

    Courchamp, F., T. Clutton-Brock, and B. Grenfell. 2000. Multipack dynamics and the Allee effect in the African wild dog, Lycaon pictus. Animal Conservation 3: 277–85. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-1795.2000.tb00113.x

    Cowlishaw, G. 1999. Predicting the pattern of decline of African primate diversity: An extinction debt from historical deforestation. Conservation Biology 13: 1183–93. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1999.98433.x

    Cronk, Q. 2016. Plant extinctions take time. Science 353: 446–47. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aag1794

    Cumming, D.H.M. 2007. Of elephants, predators, and plants in protected areas: A case of classic trophic cascades. Paper presented in Symposium: Sharing the range: Elephants, people and biological conservation in Africa. SCB Annual Meeting, 1–5 July, Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

    Dalton, D.L., E. Vermaak, H.A. Smit-Robinson, et al. 2016. Lack of diversity at innate immunity Toll-like receptor genes in the Critically Endangered White-winged Flufftail (Sarothrura ayresi). Scientific Reports 6: 36757. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep36757

    Davies-Mostert H.T., and M. Gusset. 2013. Restoring African wild dogs in South Africa: A managed metapopulation approach. WAZA Magazine 14: 41–44

    de Vos, J.M., L.N. Joppa, J.L. Gittleman, P.R. Stephens, et al. 2015. Estimating the normal background rate of species extinction. Conservation Biology 29: 452–62. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12380

    Durant, S.M., T. Wacher, S. Bashir, et al. 2013. Fiddling in biodiversity hotspots while deserts burn? Collapse of the Sahara’s megafauna. Diversity and Distributions 20: 114–22. https://doi.org/10.1111/ddi.12157

    Durant, S., N. Mitchell, A. Ipavec, et al. 2017. The global decline of cheetah Acinonyx jubatus and what it means for conservation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 114: 528–33. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1611122114

    Entwistle, A.C., and J. Juma. 2016. Pteropus voeltzkowi. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2016: e.T18768A22089205. http://doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T18768A22089205.en

    Fagan, W.F., and E.E. Holmes. 2006. Quantifying the extinction vortex. Ecology Letters 9: 51–60. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00845.x

    Faith, J.T., J. Rowan, A. Du, et al. 2018. Plio-Pleistocene decline of Africa’s megaherbivores: No evidence for ancient hominin impacts. Science 362: 938–41. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau2728

    Feranec, R.S. 2004. Geographic variation in the diet of hypsodont herbivores from the Rancholabrean of Florida. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 207: 359369. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2003.09.031

    Frankham, R., J.D. Ballou, M.D.B. Eldridge, et al. 2011. Predicting the probability of outbreeding depression. Conservation Biology 25: 465–75. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2011.01662.x

    Gibert, P., R.B. Huey, and G.W. Gilchrist. 2001. Locomotor performance of Drosophila melanogaster: interactions among developmental and adult temperatures, age, and geography. Evolution 55: 205–09. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0014-3820.2001.tb01286.x

    Gilpin, M.E., and M.E. Soulé. 1986. Minimum viable populations: Processes of species extinction. In: The Science of Scarcity and Diversity, ed. by M.E. Soulé (Sunderland: Sinauer).

    Goldschmidt, T., F. Witte, and J. Wanink. 1993. Cascading effects of the introduced Nile perch on the detritivorous/phytoplanktivorous species in the sublittoral areas of Lake Victoria. Conservation Biology 7: 686–700. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.1993.07030686.x

    Grobler, J.P., I. Rushworth, J.S. Brink, et al. 2011. Management of hybridization in an endemic species: Decision making in the face of imperfect information in the case of the black wildebeest—Connochaetes gnou. European Journal of Wildlife Research 57: 997–1006. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10344-011-0567-1

    Guerrant, E.O. 1992. Genetic and demographic considerations in the sampling and reintroduction of rare plants. In: Conservation Biology: The Theory and Practice of Nature Conservation, Preservation and Management, ed. by P.L. Fiedler and S.K. Jain (New York: Springer). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4684-6426-9

    Gusset, M., S.J. Ryan, M. Hofmeyr, et al. 2008. Efforts going to the dogs? Evaluating attempts to reintroduce endangered wild dogs in South Africa. Journal of Applied Ecology 45: 100–08. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01357.x

    Halley, J.M., N. Monokrousos, A.D. Mazaris, et al. 2016. Dynamics of extinction debt across five taxonomic groups. Nature Communications 7: 12283. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms12283

    Harley, E.H., M.H. Knight, C. Lardner, et al. 2009. The Quagga project: Progress over 20 years of selective breeding. South African Journal of Wildlife Research 39: 155–63. https://doi.org/10.3957/056.039.0206

    Haynes G. 2018. The evidence for human agency in the Late Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions. In Encyclopedia of the Anthropocene v. 1, ed. by D.A. DellaSala, and M.I. Goldstein (Oxford: Elsevier).

    Hayward, M.W., W.J. Ripple, G.I.H. Kerley, et al. 2017. Neocolonial conservation: Is moving rhinos to Australia conservation or intellectual property loss? Conservation Letters 11: e12354. https://doi.org/10.1111/conl.12354

    Heber, S., and J.V. Briskie. 2010. Population bottlenecks and increased hatching failure in endangered birds. Conservation Biology 24: 1674–78. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2010.01553.x

    Hutton, J.M. 1987. Incubation temperatures, sex ratios and sex determination in a population of Nile crocodiles (Crocodylus niloticus). Journal of Zoology 211: 143–55. http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-7998.1987.tb07458.x

    IUCN. 2012. IUCN Red List categories and criteria: v. 3.1 (Gland: IUCN). https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/RL-2001-001-2nd.pdf

    IUCN. 2017. Guidelines for using the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, v. 13 (Gland: IUCN). http://nc.iucnredlist.org/redlist/content/attachment_files/RedListGuidelines.pdf

    IUCN. 2019. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org

    Janzen, D.H. 1983. The Pleistocene hunters had help. American Naturalist 121: 598–99. https://doi.org/10.1086/284088

    Johnson, C.N. 2009. Ecological consequences of Late Quaternary extinctions of megafauna. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 276: 2509–19. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1921

    Kalinowski, S.T., P.W. Hedrick, and P.S. Miller. 2000. Inbreeding depression in the Speke’s gazelle captive breeding program. Conservation Biology 14: 1375–84. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1739.2000.98209.x

    Keith, D.A., J.P. Rodríguez, K.M. Rodríguez-Clark, et al. 2013. Scientific foundations for an IUCN Red List of Ecosystems. PLoS ONE 8: e62111. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0062111

    Kerley, H.I.H., R. Sims-Castley, A.F. Boshoff, et al. 2009. Extinction of the blue antelope Hippotragus leucophaeus: Modelling predicts non-viable global population size as the primary driver. Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 3235. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-009-9639-x

    Koh, L.P., R.R. Dunn, N.S. Sodhi, et al. 2004. Species coextinctions and the biodiversity crisis. Science 305: 1632–34. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1101101

    Krajick, K. 2003. Defusing Africa’s killer lakes. Smithsonian Magazine 34: 46–55. https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/defusing-africas-killer-lakes-88765263

    Leimu, R., and M. Fischer. 2010. Between-population outbreeding affects plant defence. PLoS ONE 5: e12614. https://doi.org/10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0012614

    Lombardo, M.P., and R.O Deaner. 2018. Born to throw: The ecological causes that shaped the evolution of throwing in humans. Quarterly Review of Biology 93: 1–16. https://doi.org/10.1086/696721

    Lundgren, E.J., D. Ramp, W.J. Ripple, et al. 2017. Introduced megafauna are rewilding the Anthropocene. Ecography 41: 857–66. https://doi.org/10.1111/ecog.03430

    Marneweck, C., P.A. Becker, G. Beverley, et al. 2019. Factors affecting the success of artificial pack formation in an endangered, social carnivore: The African wild dog. Animal Conservation 22: in press. https://doi.org/10.1111/acv.12490

    Maron, D.F. 2018. Under poaching pressure, elephants are evolving to lose their tusks. National Geographic. https://on.natgeo.com/2z9mE1x

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    Minnaar, A., L. van Schalkwyk, and S. Kader. 2018. The difficulties in policing and combatting of a maritime crime: The case of Abalone poaching along South Africa’s coastline. Journal of the Indian Ocean Region 14: 71–87. https://doi.org/10.1080/19480881.2018.1421448

    Ogden, L.E. 2014. Extinction is forever… or is it? BioScience 64: 469–75. https://doi.org/10.1093/biosci/biu063

    Okubamichael, D.Y., S. Jack, J. de Wet Bösenberg, et al. 2016. Repeat photography confirms alarming decline in South African cycads. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 2153–70. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10531-016-1183-x

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