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11: State Spaces

  • Page ID
    25491
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    • 11.1: State Spaces
      Closely related to “phase spaces” are “state spaces”. While phase spaces are typically used with continuous systems, described by differential equations, state spaces are used with discrete-time systems, described by difference equations. Here the natural system is approximated by jumps from one state to the next, rather than by smooth transitions. While the two kinds of spaces are similar, they differ in important ways.


    11: State Spaces is shared under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Clarence Lehman, Shelby Loberg, & Adam Clark (University of Minnesota Libraries Publishing) via source content that was edited to conform to the style and standards of the LibreTexts platform; a detailed edit history is available upon request.

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