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26.4 References

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    <h210.6refs">26.4.6 References
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    2. Palazzo, A., and Lee, E.S. (2015) Non-coding RNA: what is function and what is junk? Frontiers in Genetics 6:2 Available at: file:///C:/Users/flatt/AppData/Local/Temp/fgene-06-00002.pdf
    3. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, July 9). RNA. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 15:30, August 6, 2020, from
    4. Burenina, O.Y., Oretskaya, T.S., and Kubareva, E.A. (2017) Non-Coding RNAs As Transcriptional Regulators in Eukaryotes. Acta Naturae 9(4):13-25. Available at:
    5. Khatter, H., Vorlander, M.K., and Muller C.W. (2017) RNA polymerase I and III: similar yet unique. Current Opinion in Structural Biology 47:88-94. Available at:
    6. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, May 8). Sigma factor. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:50, August 7, 2020, from
    7. Bae, B., Felkistov, A., Lass-Napiokowska, A., Landick, R., and Darst, S.A. (2015) Structure of a bacterial RNA polymerase holoenzyme open protomer complex. eLife 4:e08504. Available at:
    8. Petrenko, N., Jin, Y., Dong, L., Wong, K.H., and Struhl, K. (2019) Requirements for RNA polymerase II preinitiation complex formation in vivo. eLife 8:e43654. Available at:
    9. Gupta, K., Sari-Ak, D., Haffke, M., Trowitzsch, S., and Berger, I. (2016) Zooming in on transcription preinitiation. J Mol Biol. 428(12):2581-2591. Available at:
    10. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, April 17). TATA-binding protein. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 14:54, August 8, 2020, from
    11. Patel, A.B., Greber, B.J., and Nogales, E. (2020) Recent insights into the structure of TFIID, its assembly, and its binding to core promoter. Curr Op Struct Bio 61:17-24. Available at:
    12. Ruff, E.F., Record, Jr., M.T., Artsimovitch, I., (2015) Initial events in bacterial transcription initiation. Biomolecules 5(2):1035-1062. Available at:
    13. Kireeva, M., Opron, K., Seibold, S., Domecq, C., Cukier, R.I., Coulombe, B., Kashlev, M., and Burton, Z. (2102) Molecular dynamics and mutational analysis of the catalytic and translocation cycle of RNA polymerase. BMC Biophysics 5(1):11. Available at:
    14. Washburn, R.S., and Gottesman, M.E. (2015) Regulation of transcription elongation and termination. Biomolecules 5(2):1063-1078. Available at:
    15. Zenkin, N., and Yuzenkova, Y. (2015) New insights into the functions of transcription factors that bind the RNA polymerase secondary channel. Biomolecules 5(3):1195-1209. Available at:
    16. Gocheva, V., LeGall, A., Boudvillain, M., Margeat, E., and Nollmann, M. (2015) Direct observation of the translocation mechanism of transcription termination factor Rho. Nuc Acids Res 43(1):10.1093. Available at:
    17. Miki, T.S., Carl, S.H., and Groβhans, H. (2017) Two disctinct transcription termination modes dictated by promoters. Genes & Dev 31:1-10. Available at:
    18. Gurumurthy, A., Shen, Y., Gunn, E.M., Bungert, J. (2018) Phase separation and transcription regulation: Are Super-Enhancers and Locus Control Regions primary sites of transcription complex assembly? BioEssays 1800164. Available at:
    19. Suñé-Pou, M., Prieto-Sánchez, Boyero-Corral, S., Moreno-Castro, C., El Yousfi, Y., Suñé-Negre, J.M., Hernández-Munain, C., and Suñé, C. (2017) Targeting splicing in the treatment of human disease. Genes 8(3):87. Available at:
    20. Schaughency, P., Merran, J., and Corden J.L. (2014) Genome-wide mapping of yeast RNA polymerase II termination. PLOS Genetics 10(10):e1004632 Available at:
    21. Nourse, J., Spada, S., and Danckwardt, S. (2020) Emerging roles of RNA 3'-end cleavage and polyadenylation in pathogenesis, diagnosis, and therapy of human disorders. Biomolecules 10(6):915. Available at:
    22. Wikipedia contributors. (2020, July 30). Five-prime cap. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 05:53, August 11, 2020, from
    23. Cortes, T. and Cox, R.A. (2015) Transcription and translation of the rpsJ, rplN and rRNA operons of the tubercle bacillus. Microbiology (2015) 161:719-728. Available at:
    24. Hein, P.P. and Landick, R. (2010) The bridge helix coordinates movements of modules in RNA polymerase. BMC Biology 8:141. Available at:
    25. Gonatopoulos-Pournatzis, T., and Cowling, V.H. (2014) Cap-binding complex (CBC). Biochem. J. 457:231-242. Available at:

    This page titled 26.4 References is shared under a not declared license and was authored, remixed, and/or curated by Henry Jakubowski and Patricia Flatt.

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