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Biology LibreTexts

Label the Body Regions

  • Page ID
    21044
  • Head Region

    • The cranial region or cephalic region is the head and skull
    • The forehead is referred to as the frontal region.
    • The eyes are referred to as the orbital or ocular region.
    • The cheeks are referred to as the buccal region.
    • The ears are referred to as the auricle or otic region.
    • The nose is referred to as the nasal region.
    • The mouth is referred to as the oral region.
    • The chin is referred to as the mental region.
    • The neck is referred to as the cervical region.

    The trunk of the body contains, from superior to inferior,

    • the thoracic region encompassing the chest
    • the mammary region encompassing each breast
    • the pectoral region encompassing the muscles of the chest
    • the sternal region encompassing the sternum
    • the abdominal region encompassing the stomach area
    • the umbilicus, or navel,icenter of the abdomen
    • the coxal region encompassing the hip area
    • the pubic region encompassing the area above the genitals.

    The pelvis and legs contain, from superior to inferior,

    • the inguinal is the groin region between legs and genitals
    • the pubic region surrounding the genitals,
    • the femoral region encompassing the thighs,
    • the patellar region encompassing the knee,
    • the crural region encompassing the shin area of the leg,
    • the tarsal region encompassing the ankle,
    • the pedal region encompassing the foot
    • the digital/phalangeal region encompassing the toes.
    • The great toe is referred to as the hallux.

    The regions of the upper limbs, from superior to inferior, are

    • the axillary region encompassing the armpit,
    • the brachial region encompassing the upper arm,
    • the antecubital region encompassing the front of the elbow,
    • the antebrachial region encompassing the forearm,
    • the carpal region encompassing the wrist,
    • the palmar region encompassing the palm,
    • the digital/phalangeal region encompassing the fingers.
    • The thumb is referred to as the pollex.

    The posterior view contains, from superior to inferior,

    • the dorsal region refers to the entire backside
    • the acromial region where the shoulders bones are found
    • the thoracic region is the upper part of the back (also chest)
    • the lumbar region encompassing the lower back.
    • the sacral region occurring at the end of the spine, directly above the buttocks.

    The posterior regions of the legs, from superior to inferior, include

    • the gluteal region encompassing the buttocks,
    • the femoral region encompassing the thigh,
    • the popliteal region encompassing the back of the knee,
    • the plantar region encompassing the sole of the foot.